Biochemistry Homework Help - K-12 Level to College Level Chemistry Help

Biochemistry generally deals with the structures, functions and contacts of cellular components such as nucleic acids, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and other biomolecules -though increasingly processes in spite of individual molecules are the major concerns. Among the number of various biomolecules, many of them are complex and large molecules (which are known as biopolymers), which are composed of equivalent repeating subunits (which are known as monomers). Polymeric biomolecule has dissimilar subunit. For example, a protein is a polymer whose subunits are choosen from twenty or more than 20 amino acids. Biochemistry is the study of the chemical properties of major biological molecules, like proteins, and chiefly the chemistry of enzyme catalyzed reactions.

The biochemistry of cell metabolism and endocrine system has been explained broadly. Other regions of biochemistry involve protein synthesis, genetic code, and cell membrane transport transduction.

 

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Biomolecules

The four major categories of molecules in biochemistry are carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. Various biological molecules are polymers: in this terminology, monomers are small micromolecules comparatively that are related together to form large macromolecules, which are known as polymers. When monomers are combined together to form a biological polymer, they undergo the procedure of dehydration synthesis. A variety of macromolecules collect in larger complexes, often necessary for biological activity.

Carbohydrates

A molecule of sucrose which is amalgamation of glucose and fructose.
Carbohydrates are prepared from the monomers called as monosaccharides. Few of these monosaccharides involve fructose (C6H12O6), glucose (C6H12O6), and deoxyribose (C5H10O4).

Lipids

A triglyceride with glycerol molecule on left side and three fatty acids are provided.
Lipids are prepared from one molecule of glycerol combined together with the other molecules.
Lipids, chiefly phospholipids, are used in a variety of pharmaceutical products, either like co-solubilisers (like in parenteral infusions) or else as drug carrier components (such as in a liposome or transfersome).

Proteins

The arrangement of α-amino acid, with the amino group on the left and the carboxyl group to the right side.
Proteins are huge molecules - macro-biopolymers - create from monomers known as amino acids. There are about twenty standard amino acids, each having carboxyl group, an amino group, and a side-chain (called as "R" group). The "R" group is what makes every amino acid unique, and the side chain properties significantly influence on the whole three-dimensional conformation of a protein.


Nucleic acids

Structure of deoxyribonucleic acid, the picture exhibits monomers which are combined together.
Nucleic acids are molecules which made DNA, a significant substance which all cellular organisms utilize to store genetic information. The ordinary nucleic acids are DNA acid and RNA. 

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