Information and Technology

Information and Technology:

Information technology (IT) is a term that encompasses all of the forms of technology used to create, exchange, store and use information in its several forms (voice conversations, business data, motion pictures, still images, multimedia presentations, and other forms, including those not yet conceived). It's a convenient term for including both computer technology and telephony in the same word. It is the technology that is driving what has frequently been called "the information revolution."

The term is used commonly as a synonym for computers & computer networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as telephones and television. Various industries are related with information technology, such as computer hardware, software, semiconductors, electronics, internet, e-commerce, telecom equipment, and computer services.

History of Information Technology:

Relatively, it wasn't long ago that the IT department might have consisted of a single Computer Operator, who might be holding data on magnetic tape, and then putting it in a box down somewhere in the basement. The history of information technology is fascinating!

In the year of 1960s and 1970s, the term information technology (IT) was a little known phrase which was used by those who worked in places such as hospitals and banks to define the procedure they used to store information. With the paradigm shift to computing technology and "paperless" workplaces, IT has come to be a household phrase. It described an industry that uses, networking, computers, software programming, and other equipment and procedure to store, retrieve, process ,transmit, and protect information.

Modern Information Technology Departments:

In the early days of computer development, there was no such thing as a college degree in information technology. Software development & computer programming were best left to the mathematical engineers and computer scientists, because of their complicated nature. As time passed & technology advanced, such as with the advent of the personal computer in the year of 1980s and its daily use in the home and the workplace, the world moved into the information age.

By the early 21st century, almost every child in the Western world, and various in other parts of the world, knew how to use a personal computer. Businesses' information technology departments have gone from using storage tapes built by a single computer operator to interconnected networks of worker workstations that store information in a server farm, frequently somewhere away from the main business site. Communication has advanced, from physical postal mail, to telephone fax transmissions, to nearly instant digital communication through electronic mail (email).

To perform the complicated functions required of information technology departments today, the modern Information Technology Department would utilizes servers, computers, database management systems, and cryptography. The department would be built up of several System Administrators, Database Administrators and at least one Information Technology Manager.

Importance of Information Technology:

The prime importance of information technology with regards to education is that various learning resources can be instantly accessed by students as well as teachers, with paramount importance laid on the convenience factor. Learners can also adapt to the multimedia approach, coupled along with collaborative learning. The information is authentic with the updated information being widespread in terms of accessibility. Multiple communication approaches, such as, forums, chats, emails, etc., can be adopted by them. Students might access the online libraries, in turn having distance learning programs perform a successful feat. Additionally, IT has proved to be an important employer. Various people with knowledge of computers have got jobs in this field, and have made successfully a career out of it. It has helped one discover cures for several diseases; thus, serving mankind in plentiful ways. Distinct kinds of software are provided for individuals with visual, or hearing impairment; thus, aiding them in their passion to study new concepts, and collect information parallel to their subject of interest.

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