World Regional Geography

World Regional Geography:

Regional geography is a term of geography that studies the world's regions. An area itself is explained as an element of the Earth's surface along with one or several same features that form it exclusive from the other regions. Regional geography studies the particular antic features of places associated to their topography, climate, culture, economy, environmental and politics factors as their various species of fauna and flora.

Additionally, regional geography also studies the exact boundaries between places. Frequently these are termed as transition zones that demonstrate the end and start of an exact area and can be minute or large. For instance, the transition zone between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa is rather large since there is a mixing among the two regions. Regional geographers study such zone and also the different features of North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa.

Why world regional geography?

  • World areas are large-scale geographic divisions based upon physiographic and continental settings that consist of mainly clusters of humankind along with broadly same cultural attributes.
  • The contribution of this geography is to reveal how political, natural, economic, social and cultural phenomena come together to produce distinctive geographic settings.
  • Regions are in process or as process.
  • All areas and borders are political projects or arbitrary.
  • Contestation and internal variation.

History and Development of Regional Geography:

Though people had been studying particular areas for decades, this geography like a branch in geography has its roots in Europe; particularly with the French and geographer Paul Vidal. In the late 19th century, Paul Vidal developed his concepts of the milieu, pays and possibilisme. The milieu was the natural environment and pays was the local or country area. Possibilism was the theory which said the environment sets constraints or and restrictions on humans but human actions in reaction to these constraints is what extends a culture and in this case assists in explaining an area. Possibilism later led to the growth of environmental determinism that says the environment (and therefore physical regions) is exclusively cause for development of societal development and human culture.

Regional geography started to develop in the US particularly and parts of Europe in the period in between World Wars I and II. At this time, geography was criticized to its descriptive nature along with environmental determinism and lack of an exact focus. As an outcome, geographers were seeking manners to maintain geography like a credible university-level subject. During 1920s and 1930s, geography turned into a regional science related along with why specific places are same or and diverse and what enables people to divide one area from the other. This practice turned into is termed as an actual differentiation.

In the United State, Carl Sauer and his Berkeley School of geographic opinion led to the growth of this geography, particularly on the west coast. In this time, this geography was also led through Richard Hartshorne, who studied German regional geography in the 1930s along with popular geographers as Fred Schaefer and Alfred Hettner. Hartshorne explained geography like a science "To give orderly, accurate, and rational description and interpretation of the variable character of the earth surface."

For a small time in and after World War II, regional geography was a famous ground of study inside the discipline. Conversely, this was later critiqued for its particularly regional information and this was claimed to have been also descriptive and not quantitative adequate.

Regional Geography Today:

As the 1980s, this geography has seen resurgence like branch of geography in several universities. Since geographers now days frequently study a broad variety of topics, this is useful to break the world down in areas to form information simple to display and process. It can be done through geographers who claim to be such geographers and are specialists on one or several places across the world, or through physical, urban, cultural and biogeography’s who comprise some information to process regarding given topic.

Frequently, several universities today give particular regional geography courses that offer an indication of the broad topic and the others may give courses associated to exact world regions as the Middle East, Asia and Europe, or slighter scale as "The Geography of California." Inside each of these region-exact courses, topics frequently covered are the climatic and physical attributes of the region and also the political, economic and cultural features determined there.

Additionally, several universities today give exact degrees for this geography that generally having a general knowledge of the world's areas. A degree in regional geography is helpful for those who wish to teach but it is also valuable in now day's business world which is focused upon overseas and long distance networking and communications.

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