Difference between File system & DBMS and Functions of DBMS

Difference between File system & DBMS:

File System:

1. File system is an assortment of data. Whichever management with the file system user has to write the procedures.

2. File system gives the particulars of the data representation and Storage of data.

3. In File system storing as well as retrieving of data cannot be done efficiently.

4. Concurrent access to the data in the file system has several problems like:

Reading the file while other deleting a few information, updating a few information

5. File system does not offer crash recovery mechanism.

Example- while we are entering some data into the file if System crashes then content of the file is lost.

6. Protecting a file under file system is extremely difficult.


1. DBMS is a collection of data as well as user isn’t required to write the procedures for managing the database.

2. DBMS provides a summary view of data that hides the details.

3. DBMS is proficient to use since there are wide varieties of sophisticated techniques to store and retrieve the data.

4. DBMS takes concern of Concurrent access using some form of locking.

5. DBMS has crash recovery method, DBMS guards user from the effects of system failures.

6. DBMS has a superior protection mechanism.

DBMS = Database Management System
RDBMS = Relational Database Management System

A database management system is well a system utilized to manage databases.

A RDBMS (relational database management system) is a database management system used to manage relational databases. A relational database is one where tables of data are able to have relationships based on primary and foreign keys.

Advantages of DBMS:

Because of its centralized nature the database system can overcome the disadvantages of the file system-based system:

1. Data independency:

Application program shouldn’t be exposed to details of data representation and storage DBMS provides the abstract view that hides these details.

2. Efficient data access:

DBMS utilizes a diversity of sophisticated techniques to store and retrieve data efficiently.

3. Data integrity and security:

Data is accessed through DBMS it is able to enforce integrity constraints.

Example -Inserting salary information for an employee.

4. Data Administration:

When users share data centralizing the data is a significant task, Experience professionals are able to minimize data redundancy and perform fine tuning which reduces retrieval time.

5. Concurrent access and Crash recovery:

Database Management System schedules concurrent access to the data. DBMS guards user from the effects of system failure.

6. Reduced application development time:

DBMS supports significant functions that are common to many applications.

Functions of DBMS:

Data Definition- The DBMS offers functions to define the structure of the data in the application. These include defining as well as modifying the record structure, the type as well as size of fields and the various constraints to be satisfied by the data in each field.

Data Manipulation- Once the data structure is defined data requires being modified, inserted or deleted. These functions which execute these operations are part of DBMS. These functions are able to handle plashud and unplashud data manipulation needs. Plashud queries are those which form fraction of the application. Unplashud queries are ad-hoc queries which executed on a need basis.

Data Security and Integrity- The DBMS encloses modules which handle the security and integrity of data in the application.

Data Recovery as well as Concurrency- Recovery of the data subsequent to system failure and concurrent access of records by multiple users is as well handled by DBMS.

Data Dictionary Maintenance- Maintaining the data dictionary which encloses the data definition of the application is as well one of the functions of DBMS.

Performance- Optimizing the presentation of the queries is one of the significant functions of DBMS.

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