What is a primary prevention


Approved Topic List: Choosing Your Field Project Topic with a Primary Prevention Focus

Note: You may not log any work on your field project until you are enrolled in Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing Field Experience/Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing Clinical and have selected your topic.

What is a Primary Prevention?

The Community Health Nursing practicum requires a field project. The project focuses on primary prevention. Primary prevention is the prevention of disease, injury, disability or premature death before they occur.

First Steps in Choosing a Field Project Topic

First, consider what might be an issue of public health concern in your own community.

The pertinent questions to consider are:

 What is the biggest contributor to disease (morbidity) and premature death (mortality) in your community?

 What are the controversial community health concerns discussed in your local newspaper?

 What do you believe people in your community are most concerned about related to health?

 What is generating the most visits to the emergency room or hospital admission in your community?

 What do you believe is reducing the quality of life in your community? Possible Topic Areas to Choose for Field Project Access to Healthcare

 access to mental health services

 access to dental health services

 access to health services

 promotion of health literacy Alcohol and Drug Use

 responsible alcohol consumption

 prevention of drug abuse, including - IV drug use - prescription drug use Child Health

 prevention of neonatal mortality

 prevention of unintentional childhood injuries, including: - sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) - poisoning - drowning - motor vehicle related (child safety seat and seat belt use) - sports related - pedestrian related

 prevention of child abuse

 promotion of vaccination Disabled

 promotion of health and well-being, including - access to disability related services and devices,

- limit barriers to participating in home, work, school, or community activities

Disaster Preparedness

 prevention of adverse health consequences caused by natural and human caused disasters


 prevention of HIV/AIDS, including

- sexual transmission

- prenatal transmission

- IV drug use transmission

Oral Health

 prevention of dental caries


 prevention of overweight and obesity through healthy nutrition and physical activity

 prevention of food deserts

Physical Environment

 promotion of healthy physical environment, including

- air quality

- land quality

- water quality


 prevention of falls

 prevention of social isolation

 promotion of vaccination

Sexual Health:

 Prevention of sexually transmitted infections.

Social Environment:

 safe, affordable, quality housing (prevention of homelessness)


 prevention of tobacco use

 prevention of smoking

Unintentional Injuries:

 prevention of workplace injuries

 prevention of motor vehicle related death/injuries

- prevention of pedestrian injury and death (includes bicyclists)


 prevention of domestic violence/intimate partner violence

 prevention of dating violence

 prevention of gang violence

 prevention of community violence

 prevention of bullying/cyber-bullying

 prevention of suicide/depression

 Prevention of human/sex trafficking

Women's and Maternal Health:

 prevention of unintended pregnancies

 lack of breastfeeding/promotion of breastfeeding

 promotion of vaccination

Resources to Start Your Topic Choice Process

 Healthy People 2020

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