A museum is an institution that conserves a collection of artifacts and other objects of, cultural, artistic, scientific or historical significance and makes them obtainable for public viewing through exhibits that can be temporary or permanent. Most of the large museums are situated in major cities throughout the world and more local ones presents in smaller towns, cities and even the countryside. In the digitization of information, the continuing acceleration combined along with the enhancing capacity of digital information storage, is causing the traditional model of museums (that means as static “collections of collections” of three-dimensional specimens and artifacts) to expand to involved virtual exhibits and high-resolution images of their collections for study, perusal and exploration from any place along with Internet.
Museum studies, sometimes called as museology, is the field that encompasses the ideas and issues included in the museum profession from the practical, day-to-day skills require to operate a museum to theories on the societal role of museums. The success of a museum needs the combined skills & knowledge of a variety of museum professionals and the contribution and participation of volunteers and trustees. Additionally, a museum's success is a result of the participation and contribution of the communities and audiences being served by the museum.
Definition of Museology:
It is the study of museums and how they have developed and established in their role as an educational mechanism under social and political pressures.
Birth of museology:
It is the study of the "museum experience" seen both through the eyes of the institution, and the visitor. The motivation factors for both of the groups that result in the "museum experience" modify over time along with the collection on display, and the history of this modification is also a subject of museology. Museology has only recently started to see development in strides made by scholars and historians to targets on its true potential as a legitimate field of study. In the year of 2000, very little discussion had occurred and virtually no research had been done at all. As with several topics, it has taken time for appeal to permeate, and for academia to take notice and abrasively start questioning the necessary and recouping answers to significant dialogue. The valid breaking through of museology as a genuine field of enquiry has been clouded through controversy to the extent that even in its early stages as a field, has fractured to an new and old.
Types of museums:
It specializes in the display of archaeological artifacts. Objects or the remains of past cultures are kept in archaeology museums.
An Art museum, also known as an art gallery, is a space for the exhibition of art, generally in the form of art objects from the illustrations, visual arts, primarily paintings, sculpture, Collections of old master prints and drawings. There can be collections of applied art, by including, metalwork, ceramics, furniture, artist’s books and other types of object.
It covers the knowledge of history and its relevance to the future and present. Some cover specialized curatorial aspects of history or a specific locality; others are more general. Such museums consists a wide range of objects, by including artifacts, documents of all kinds, art, archaeological objects.
These are museums that specialize in the presentation of maritime culture, history, or archaeology. They explore the relationship among certain and society’s bodies of water. These museums targeted on the preservation and interpretation of shipwrecks and other artifacts recovered from a maritime setting.
Military and War Museums:
This specialize in military histories; they are frequently organized from a national view point and typically they include displays of weapons and other military equipment, wartime propaganda , uniforms, and exhibits on civilian life throughout wartime, and decorations, among others.
Natural History Museums:
Typically Museums of natural history & natural science exhibit work of the natural world. The focus lies on culture and nature. Exhibitions educate the public on dinosaurs, oceanography, zoology, natural history, anthropology and more. Evolution, environmental issues, and biodiversity are major areas in natural science museums.
Science museums & technology centers revolve around scientific achievement, and marvels and their history. To describe complicated inventions, interactive programs, a combination of demonstrations, and thought-provoking media are utilized.
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