Methods of Job Analysis

What are Methods of Job Analysis?

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Four methods or approaches are utilized in analyzing jobs. These are:

1. Personal Observation: The facts which should be well-known by an analyst are the equipment and materials used, the operational conditions and hazards that are associated with a particular job and an understanding of what the work involves.

2. Sending the Questionnaires:  This system is usually used by engineering consultants. Correctly drafted questionnaires are sent out to job-holders for completion and are then sent back to supervisors. However, the information received is not organized properly and incoherent. The idea in providing questionnaire is to bring out the essential information from job-holders so that any mistake may first be discussed with the worker and, after correcting it, can be submitted to the job analyst.

3. Maintaining Long Records: The employee has to keep a record of duties he performs on daily basis, indicating the time at which every task that has been provided to him is started and finished. But this system is not complete, as it does not provide us any important information on supervisor relationship, working conditions, and the equipment used. One more disadvantage is it is quite time consuming.

4. The analyst can conduct personal interviews of the employees, and answers to related questions may be recorded. One more disadvantage is it is quite time consuming.

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