The nineteenth century part

1. Which composer had a longstanding business relationship with a major piano manufacturer and endorsed its instruments?
A. Ravi Shankar
B. Giuseppe Verdi
C. Louis Moreau Gottschalk
D. Richard Wagner

2. Which piece helped coin the term "It ain't over ‘til the Fat Lady sings"?
A. Symphony no. 4 in E. Minor, op. 98
B. La Traviata
C. The Valkyrie
D. String Quartet in F Major, op. 96

3. In Verdi's La Traviata, Violetta sings _______ when unsure of herself.
A. in a lower key
B. in recitative
C. a virtuoso
D. an aria

4. A single pair of notes played repeatedly in succession is known as a/an
A. drone bass.
B. sotto voce.
C. a capella.
D. hee haw.

5. Ravi Shankar is known for his mastery of the 18-stringed lute called the
A. sitar.
B. jhala tar.
C. ragar.
D. table.

6. Which one of the following musical notations allows performers to improvise slightly with the tempo?
A. Rubato
B. Moderato
C. Allegretto
D. Sostenuto

7. _______ exemplifies the best elements of nineteenth-century Italian opera.
A. Pagliacci
B. Rigoletto
C. La Traviata
D. La Boheme

8. A raga solo always begins with the sounding of _______ tones.
A. ascending
B. descending
C. octaval
D. atonal

9. To show his intense national pride, _______ wrote a large number of mazurkas.
A. Antonin Dvorák
B. Ravi Shankar
C. Giuseppe Verdi
D. Frédéric Chopin

10. In Symphony no. 4 in E. Minor, op. 98, Brahms use orchestration to create a sense of forward movement and contrast among the _______ different variations.
A. 25
B. 20
C. 30
D. 15

11. The third movement of Antonin Dvorák's "String Quartet in F Major" contains a light-hearted passage in a fast tempo and in triple meter called a
A. variation.
B. rondo.
C. scherzo.
D. prelude.

12. In opera, a brief musical phrase or idea connected to some person, event, or idea is known as a/an
A. exposition.
B. overture.
C. leitmotif.
D. ode.

13. Johannes Brahms wrote only _______ symphonies, but they're all mainstays of today's concert repertory.
A. nine
B. four
C. seven
D. five

14. Which of the following is a trait of nineteenth century music?
A. It marks the establishment of the modern orchestra.
B. The texture is both polyphonic and homophonic, but on the whole more homophonic.
C. The rhythm is highly varied, from simple to complex.
D. It features more smoothly flowing melodies.

15. Who wrote the opera that was commissioned to celebrate the opening of the Suez Canal?
A. Antonin Dvorák
B. Johannes Brahms
C. Richard Wagner
D. Giuseppe Verdi

16. Which of the following was a common band instrument during the American Civil War?
A. Banjo
B. Oboe
C. Timpani
D. Fife

17. Which composer is said to epitomize Romanticism?
A. Louis Moreau Gottschalk
B. Frédéric Chopin
C. Richard Wagner
D. Antonin Dvorák

18. Which composer called the drama-the events transpiring on the stage-"deeds of music made visible"?
A. Giuseppe Verdi
B. Antonin Dvorák
C. Johannes Brahms
D. Richard Wagner

19. Louis Moreau Gottschalk's Union: Concert Paraphrase on National Airs was written for
A. chamber orchestra.
B. orchestra.
C. string quartet.
D. piano.

20. The various melodies heard in Antonin Dvorák's "String Quartet in F Major" have a/an _______ quality.
A. operatic
B. folk-like
C. jazz-like
D. virtuosic

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