What is synthetic rubber and how it gets prepared?

To meet human needs, scientists have started preparing synthetic rubbers. Besides having similar properties as natural rubbers they are tougher, more flexible and more durable than natural rubber. They are capable of getting stretched to twice its length. Though, it reverts to its original shape and size once the external stretching force is released.

Synthetic rubbers have been made by the polymerisation of dienes other than isoprene. The polymerisation is carried out in the presence of Zeigher-Natta catalyst. For example, Polymerisation of 1, 3-butadiene

Preparation of synthetic rubbers

1. Neoprene or polychloro prene is formed by the free radical polymerisation of chloroprene.

It has superior resistance to vegetable and mineral oils. It is used for manufacturing of conveyer belts, gaskets and hoses.

2. Buna-N: you have previously studied about Buna-S. Buna-N is obtained by the copolymerization of 1, 3-butadiene and Acrylonitrile in the presence of a peroxide catalyst.

2175_synthetic rubber.png 

It is resistant to the reaction of petrol, lubricating oil and organic solvents. It is utilized in making oil seals, tank lining etc.




   Related Questions in Chemistry

  • Q : Define Bond Energies - Bond Charges

    Energy changes in some chemical reactions can be used to deduce the energies of chemical bonds. Our understanding of the molecular basis of thermodynamic properties is extended when we ask why the enthalpy change for a reaction is what it is. We deduce,

  • Q : Advantages of doing your own chemistry

    What are the advantages of doing your own chemistry assignments? State your comment?

  • Q : Describe the properties of the

    Briefly describe the properties of the carbohydrates?

  • Q : Mole fraction of Carbon dioxide Choose

    Choose the right answer from following. If we take 44g of CO2 and 14g of N2 what will be mole fraction of CO2 in the mixture: (a) 1/5 (b) 1/3 (c) 2/3 (d) 1/4

  • Q : How can enzymes act as catalyst?

    Enzymes are complex proteinous substances, produced by living bodies, such as act as catalysis in the physiological reactions. The enzymes are, also called biochemical catalysts and the phenomenon is known as bio-chemical catalysis because numerous reactions that occur the bodies of animals and p

  • Q : Explain Solid Compound Formation. In

    In some two component, solid liquid systems, a solid compound forms.In systems in which the components have an interaction for such other, a solid state compound of the two compounds of the two components can form.Formic acid and formaide form a solid state, one-to-one com

  • Q : Latent heat of vaporization Normal

    Normal butane (C4H10) is stored as a compressed liquid at 90°C and 1400 kPa. In order to use the butane in a low-pressure gas-phase process, it is throttled to 150 kPa and passed through a vaporizer. The butane emerges from the vaporizer as a

  • Q : Extensive property Choose the right

    Choose the right answer from following. Which one of the following is an extensive property: (a) Molar volume (b) Molarity (c) Number of moles (d) Mole fraction

  • Q : Donnan Membrane Equilibria The electric

    The electric charge acquired by macromolecules affects the equilibrium set up across a semipermeable membrane.Laboratory studies of macromolecule solutions as in osmotic pressure and dialysis studies confine the macromolecules to one compartment while allo

  • Q : Basic concept Give me answer of this

    Give me answer of this question. The volume of water to be added to 100cm3 of 0.5 N N H2SO4 to get decinormal concentration is : (a) 400 cm3 (b) 500cm3 (c) 450cm3 (d)100cm3

©TutorsGlobe All rights reserved 2022-2023.