What are emulsions?Describe its preparation and tests.

Emulsions are colloidal solutions in which disperse phase as well as dispersion medium is both liquids. Emulsions can be broadly classified into two types:

(i) Oil in water (O/W type) emulsions: in this type of emulsions, oil acts disperse phase and water acts as dispersion medium. Some examples of this type of emulsions are milk, vanishing cream, etc.

(ii) Water in oil (W/O type) emulsions: in this type of emulsions, water acts as disperse phase and oil acts as dispersion medium. Some examples are cold cream, butter, cod liver oil etc.

The two types of emulsions can be interconverted simply by changing the proportion of the dispersed phase and dispersion medium. For example, O/W type of emulsion can be converted W/O type by adding excess of oil to O/W emulsion.

Detection of emulsions

The below mentioned tests may be applied to distinguish between the two types of emulsions:

(i) Dye test: to the emulsion some oil soluble dye is added. If the background becomes coloured, the emulsion is water in oil type and if the droplets become coloured, the emulsion is oil in water type.

(ii) Dilution test: if the emulsion can be diluted with water, this indicates that water act as the dispersion medium and the emulsion is of oil in water type. If the added water forms a separate layer, then in that case the emulsion is water-in-oil type.

Preparation of emulsions

The process of making an emulsion known as emulsification. Emulsions may be obtained by vigorously agitating a mixture of both the liquids. But this gives an unstable emulsion the dispersed drops at once come together and form a separate layer. To stabilize an emulsion, the addition of a small quantity of the third substance known as emulsify agent or emulsifier is essential. The emulsified agents form an interfacial film between suspended particles and the dispersion medium. For example, soaps and detergents are frequently used as emulsifiers. They coat the drops of an emulsion and check them from coming together thereby establishing the emulsion. The principle emulsifying agent for W/O type emulsions are heavy metal salts of fatty acids, long chain alcohols, lamp black, etc. the emulsifying agents used for O/W type emulsions are proteins, gums, natural and synthetic soaps, etc.

   Related Questions in Chemistry

  • Q : Organic and inorganic chemistry Write

    Write down a short note on the differences between the organic and inorganic chemistry?

  • Q : Explain Second Order Rate Equations.

    Integration of the second order rate equations also produces convenient expressions for dealing with concentration time results.A reaction is classified as second order if the rate of the reaction is proportional to the square of the concentration of one o

  • Q : Solution density of water is 1g/mL.The

    density of water is 1g/mL.The concentration of water in mol/litre is

  • Q : Organic and inorganic substances living

    living beings are made up of organic and inorganic substances.according to their complexity of their molecules how can ach of these substances be classified?

  • Q : Advantages of doing your own chemistry

    What are the advantages of doing your own chemistry assignments? State your comment?

  • Q : What are ion selective electrodes? Ion

    Ion Selective Electrodes An ion selective membrane can be used to form an electrochemical cell whose emf depends on the concentration of that ion. Before we proceed to an important application of emf measurements, brie

  • Q : Avogadros hypothesis how avogadros

    how avogadros hypothesis used to deduce the atomicity of elementry gases ?

  • Q : Infrared Adsorption The adsorption of

    The adsorption of infrared radiation by diatomic molecules increases the vibrational energy fo molecules and gives information about the force constant for the "spring" of the molecule.;The molecular motion that has the next larger energy level spacing aft

  • Q : Strength of any solution Give me answer

    Give me answer of this question. A solution contains 1.2046 x 1024 hydrochloric acid molecules in one dm3 of the solution. The strength of the solution is: (a) 6 N (b) 2 N (c) 4 N (d) 8 N

  • Q : Vapour pressure Vapour pressure of

    Vapour pressure of methanol in water Give me answer of this question. An aqueous solution of methanol in water has vapour pressure: (a) Equal to that of water (b) Equal to that of methanol (c) More than that of water (d) Less than that of water

©TutorsGlobe All rights reserved 2022-2023.