Gynoecium

Gynoecium:

Gynoecium is the collective word for the innermost central whorl of floral appendages. It is regarded as the female portion of the flower. A unit of gynoecium is termed as carpel.  Following technical words are associated with gynoecium.

1. Number of Carpel:

i. Monocarpellary:

Gynoecium comprises of a single carpel; example: Fabaceae.

ii. Bicarpellary:

Ovary comprises of two carpels; example: Rubiaceae.

iii. Tricarpellary:

Ovary comprises of three carpels; example: Liliaceae.

iv. Tetracarpellary:

Ovary includes four carpels; example: Melia.

v. Multicarpellary:

Gynoecium comprises of numerous carpels, example: Papaver.

2. Cohesion of Carpels:

i. Apocarpous:

Gynoecium is made up of two or more carpels that are free; example: Polyalthia.

ii. Syncarpous:

Gynoecium comprises of two or more carpels that are fused; example: Hibiscus.

3. Number of locules:

Depending on the amount of chambers, the ovary might be explained as unilocular, bilocular, and trilocular and so on.

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