Problem: You own your own firm, and you want to raise $30 million to fund an expansion. Currently, you own 100% of the firm's equality, and the firm has no debt. To raise the $30 million solely through equity, you will need to sell two-thirds of the firm. However, you would prefer to maintain at least a 50% equity stake in the firm to retain control.
1) If you borrow $20 million, what fraction of the equity will you need to sell to raise the remaining $10 million? Assume perfect capital markets.
2) What is the smallest amount you can borrow to raise the $30 million without giving up control? Assume perfect capital markets.