The twentieth century part

1. Roland says that Ruth Crawford Seeger was a modernist composer. Clive says that she was a collector and arranger of American folksongs. Who is correct?
A. Only Roland is correct.
B. Only Clive is correct.
C. Neither Roland nor Clive is correct.
D. Both Roland and Clive are correct.

2. In the first years of the twentieth century, _______ was perceived as a threat to the "moral, spiritual, mental, and even physical well-being" of the nation.
A. bebop
B. downhome blues
C. ragtime
D. big band jazz

3. Which composer was known for improvisation?
A. Charles Ives
B. Arnold Schoenberg
C. Ruth Crawford
D. Charlie Parker

4. Bebop is a style of
A. jazz.
B. fusion.
C. pop.
D. ragtime.

5. Which composer believed that music is all too often treated as a "narcotic," something that dulls the senses rather than arouses them?
A. Ruth Crawford
B. Duke Ellington
C. Charles Ives
D. Arnold Schoenberg

6. In The Unanswered Question, the strings are played
A. as if they're playing a slow hymn quietly with an even tempo.
B. fast and loud for shock value.
C. in unresolved and virtuosic dissonance.
D. in constant competition with the brass.

7. Which of the following composers sought to obtain a nonpercussive sound from the piano in his compositions?
A. Claude Debussy
B. Duke Ellington
C. Charles Ives
D. Charlie Parker

8. Which work should be considered as a piece that travels through the dimension of space, starting low, moving upward, and returning back to where it started?
A. "Cotton Tail"
B. Rite of Spring
C. Piano Study in Mixed Accents
D. "Ornithology"

9. For some audiences, musical change in the twentieth century was a bit too
A. slow-paced.
B. novel.
C. fast-paced.
D. modern.

10. Which composer's work veered away from sounding conventionally beautiful and instead strove to capture pain itself?
A. Arnold Schoenberg
B. Ruth Crawford
C. Robert Johnson
D. Igor Stravinsky

11. Jody says that atonal harmony establishes a harmonic center of gravity. Sean says that tonal harmony doesn't have a harmonic center of gravity. Who is correct?
A. Only Jody is correct.
B. Neither Jody nor Sean is correct.
C. Both Jody and Sean are correct.
D. Only Sean is correct.

12. The smallest distance between two adjacent notes on a piano is a
A. quarter note.
B. whole note.
C. half step.
D. whole step.

13. A _______ is the range in which the music is presented.
A. head
B. sequence
C. register
D. hemiola

14. _______ was one of the most lucrative parts of the music business at the end of the nineteenth century.
A. Selling instruments
B. Providing music lessons
C. Writing sheet music
D. Giving concerts

15. Modernism, a movement that represented an abolishment of tradition and a quest for novelty, took place when?
A. Middle nineteenth century
B. Early twentieth century
C. Early twenty-first century
D. Classical period

16. Who played the clarinet in Duke Ellington's band in the mid-to-late 1930s?
A. Duke Ellington
B. Barney Bigard
C. Rex Stewart
D. Sonny Greer

17. A _______ scale is based on five notes.
A. pentatonic
B. ostinato
C. polytonic
D. octaval

18. The angular, dissonant, and challenging melodies that are the core of bebop are called
A. heads.
B. souls.
C. hearts.
D. leads.

19. Music that doesn't center on a particular key is referred to as A. nontonal.
B. intoned.
C. atonal.
D. untoned.

20. Expressionism gave priority to _______ over beauty.
A. truth
B. emotion
C. surrealism
D. virtuosity

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