Music appreciation final

1. Which of the following is a genre for voice and piano that was popular from the late eighteenth century onward?
A. Lied
B. Impromptu
C. Fantasie
D. Episode

2. _______ is the most obvious element that John Williams uses to convey shifting moods within "The Walls Converge."
A. Harmony
B. Rhythm
C. Timbre
D. Melody

3. The _______ voice is the lowest register in vocal music.
A. tenor
B. soprano
C. alto
D. bass

4. Verdi uses three distinct types of melody in La Traviata, Act 1: declamatory, virtuosic, and
A. ostinato.
B. lyrical.
C. staccato.
D. twelve tone.

5. A group of instruments or voices with similar timbres within the ensemble is the
A. tenors.
B. section.
C. orchestra.
D. voicing.

6. The Renaissance period in musical history lasted from about
A. 1650 to 1750.
B. 1425 to 1600.
C. 1500 to 1789.
D. 1450 to 1750.

7. How many symphonies did Brahms write?
A. Seven
B. Six
C. Nine
D. Four

8. The _______ is an example of a non-pitched instrument.
A. cachiche
B. xylophone
C. marimba
D. vibraphone

9. Which step of a minor scale is slightly lower than the corresponding step of a major scale?
A. Third
B. Seventh
C. Fourth
D. Fifth

10. Notes in a major key are considered _______ notes.
A. sad
B. happy
C. flat
D. bland

11. The estampie and the saltarello are two
A. syllabic text-settings.
B. medieval dances.
C. Italian musical instruments.
D. African musical instruments.

12. _______ called for a style that was free, individualized, and extravagant.
A. Blues
B. Bebop
C. Rhythm and blues
D. Hip hop

13. When we hear three or more notes played simultaneously, we're hearing a
A. polyphonic texture.
B. melody
C. chord.
D. monophonic line.

14. The combination of antecedent and consequent units that make a larger whole is the
A. periodic phrase structure.
B. punctuation.
C. theme and variations form.
D. full cadence.

15. The repetition (AA), variation (AA'), and contrast (AB) of a piece of music are all part of the music's
A. timbre.
B. genre.
C. texture.
D. form.

16. Which one of the following composers sometimes featured American folk melodies in his compositions?
A. Charlie Parker
B. John Coltrane
C. Aaron Copland
D. Xavier Cugat

17. According to your textbook, which composer is considered to be one of the most radical composers who ever lived?
A. Beethoven
B. Cage
C. Verdi
D. Wagner

18. "Erlkönig" is one of the hundreds of songs written by
A. Schubert.
B. Haydn.
C. Chopin.
D. Schumann.

19. What is a term for traditional Turkish finger cymbals common throughout the Middle East?
A. Timbales
B. Shawm
C. Cachiche
D. Zill

20. In _______ music in a movie, the characters do not hear the music.
A. postmodern
B. non-digetic
C. sampled
D. anti-minimalist

21. The Broadway musical is descended from the
A. oratorio.
B. recitative.
C. operetta.
D. aria.

22. Which of the following is an example of a crossover artist?
A. Chuck Berry
B. Public Enemy
C. Austin Wintory
D. Duke Ellington

23. The _______ of a song are often referred to as stanzas.
A. verses
B. measures
C. beats
D. notes

24. Who wrote The Nutcracker?
A. Alexandr Pushkin
B. Pyotr Tchaikovsky
C. Felix Mendelssohn
D. Boris Gudonov

25. The distinction between "classical" and "popular" music is sometimes quite
A. easily identifiable.
B. pointless.
C. meaningful.
D. difficult to discern.

26. A _______ is a type of folk song that tells a story.
A. canon
B. ballad
C. broadside
D. hoedown

27. Which of the following is the name for the main tune in jazz?
A. Stanza
B. Improvisation
C. Head
D. Sequence

28. Which instrument is part of a piano trio?
A. viola.
B. harp.
C. violin.
D. flute.

29. What is the pattern of the Standard Song Form?

30. The instrument that can create sound digitally and can mimic other instruments by adding partials to the fundamentals is the
A. synthesizer.
B. oscilloscope.
C. waza.
D. organ.

31. Von Bingen's Play of Virtues is a good example of a type of music called
A. wenchang.
B. recitation.
C. plainchant.
D. vocal quartet.

32. A/an _______ is a work that sets new words to an existing melody.
A. appropriation
B. scoring
C. contrafactum
D. orchestration

33. The character of a sound is referred to as its
A. timbre.
B. pitch.
C. line.
D. texture.

34. Music sung without instrumental accompaniment is called
A. ordo virtutum.
B. a capella.
C. figured bass.
D. countersubject.

35. The term ritornello principle plays a huge part in a
A. concerto grosso.
B. sonata.
C. virtuoso cadenza.
D. suite.

36. Gottschalk's Union is an example of _______ as an attempt to connect purely instrumental music with the wider world of events and ideas.
A. modernism
B. program music
C. lieder
D. art songs

37. What is the musical term for a verse of poetry in a song?
A. Canto
B. Refrain
C. Strophe
D. Chorus

38. What term is used to describe the combination of contrasting melodies played at the same time?
A. Counterpoint
B. Imitation
C. Round
D. Polyrhythm

39. What is the musical term for a prescribed series of pitches that step upward or downward?
A. Scale
B. Meter
C. Cadence
D. Measure

40. The Italian word for "prayer hall," which refers to a piece of music that includes recitatives, arias, and choruses, is
A. opera.
B. operetta.
C. oratorio.
D. opera buffa.

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