What are various structure based polymers?

This classification of polymers is based upon how the monomeric units are linked together. Based on their structure, the polymers are classified as:


1. Linear polymers: these are the polymers in which monomeric units are linked together to form long straight chains. The polymeric chains are stacked over one another to give a well packed structure. As a result of close packing, such polymers have densities, high tensile strength and high melting points. Common examples of such type of polymers are polyethylene, nylons and polyesters.

2. Branched chain polymers: in this type of polymers, the monomeric units are linked to constitute, long chains (called the main-chain). There are side chains of varied lengths which comprise branches. Branched chain polymers are irregularly packed and thus, they have low density, lower tensile strength and lower melting points as compared to linear polymers. Amylopectin and glycogen are common examples of this type.

3. Network polymers or Cross-linked:
 in this type of polymers, the monomeric units are linked together to constitute a three-dimensional network. The links involved are called cross-links. Cross-linked polymers are hard, rigid and brittle because of their network structure. Common examples of this type of polymers are Bakelite, melamine formaldehyde resin, etc.

 

 

   Related Questions in Chemistry

  • Q : What are various structure based

    This classification of polymers is based upon how the monomeric units are linked together. Based on their structure, the polymers are classified as: 1. Linear polymers: these are the polymers in which monomeric units are linked together to form long straight c

  • Q : What are emulsions?Describe its

    Emulsions are colloidal solutions in which disperse phase as well as dispersion medium is both liquids. Emulsions can be broadly classified into two types: (i) Oil in water (O/W type) emulsions: in this type of emulsions, oil acts disperse phase and water acts

  • Q : Relative lowering in vapour pressure of

    Give me answer of this question. "Relative lowering in vapour pressure of solution containing non-volatile solute is directly proportional to mole fraction of solute". Above statement is: (a) Henry law (b) Dulong and Petit law (c) Raoult's law (d) Le-Chatelier's pri

  • Q : Question on molality Provide solution

    Provide solution of this question. Which of the following concentration factor is affected by change in temperature : (a)Molarity (b) Molality (c)Mole fraction (d)Weight fraction

  • Q : Film Mass Transport Sulfur trioxide

    Sulfur trioxide (SO3) is manufactured by the gas-phase oxidation of SO2 over a platinum catalyst: SO2 + ½ O2 à SO3 The catalyst is a non-porous ext

  • Q : Explain Rotational Vibrational Spectra

    The infrared spectrum of gas samples shows the effect of rotational-energy changes along with the vibrational energy change.As we know from the interpretations given to thermodynamic properties of gases, gas molecules are simultaneously rotating and vibrating. It follows that an absor

  • Q : Molecular energies and speeds The

    The average translational kinetic energies and speeds of the molecules of a gas can be calculated.The result that the kinetic energy of 1 mol of the molecules of a gas is equal to 3/2 RT can be used to obtain numerical values for the

  • Q : Calculating number of moles from

    Choose the right answer from following. If 0.50 mol of CaCl2 is mixed with 0.20 mol of Na3PO4, the maximum number of moles of Ca3 (PO2)2 which can be formed: (a) 0.70 (b) 0.50 (c) 0.20 (d) 0.10

  • Q : Problem on solutions The 2N aqueous

    The 2N aqueous solution of H2S04 contains: (a) 49 gm of H2S04 per litre of solution (b) 4.9 gm of H2S04 per litre of solution (c) 98 gm of H2S04

  • Q : Molar mass of compound The freezing

    The freezing point of a solution having 4.8 g of a compound in 60 g of benzene is 4.48. Determine the molar mass of the compound (Kf = 5.1 Km-1) , (freezing point of  benzene = 5.5oC)          &n

©TutorsGlobe All rights reserved 2022-2023.