Main divisions of the hypophysis and their functions

Explain the main divisions of the hypophysis and their functions?




The hypophysis is divided into two areas: the anterior hypophysis or the adenohypophysis, and posterior hypophysis or the the neurohypophysis. In the adenohypophysis two hormones that act directly, the prolactin and the growth hormone (GH), and four tropic hormones, means the hormones that regulate other endocrine glands, the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), the luteinizing hormone (LH) and the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) are produced. The neurohypohysis stores and releases two hormones produced in the oxytocin, hypothalamus and the antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin, or ADH).

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