Human rights are rights inherent to every human beings, whatsoever our nationality, place of residence, national or ethnic origin, sex , language, religion, color or any other status. We all are equally entitled to our human rights with no discrimination. These rights are all, interdependent, interrelated and indivisible.
Human rights involved civil & political rights, such as the right to liberty, life and freedom of expression; and cultural, social, and economic rights involving the right to food, the right to participate in culture, and the right to work and attain an education. Human rights are protected & upheld by national and international laws and treaties.
Universal human rights are frequently expressed and guaranteed through law, in the forms of treaties, general principles, customary international law, and other sources of international law. International human rights law lays down obligation of Governments to act in definite ways or to refrain from certain acts, to protect and promote human rights and basic freedoms of individuals or groups.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is the foundation of international system of protection for human rights. This was adopted via the United Nations General Assembly on the year of 1948. This day is annually celebrated as International Human Rights Day. The thirty articles of the UDHR establish political, civil, economic, social, and cultural rights of all of the people. This is a vision for human dignity which transcends political authority and boundaries, committing governments to uphold the fundamental rights of each of the person.
Supported through several international conventions and treaties (like the United Nation's Universal Declaration of Human rights in the year of 1948), these involved economic cultural and political rights, like right to liberty, life, equality before law and education and right of association, belief, information, free speech, movement, religion, and nationality. Promulgation of these rights is not binding on any country; however they serve as a standard of concern for people & form the base of several modern national constitutions. Although they were described first by the Scottish philosopher John Locke (1632-1704) as absolute moral claims or entitlements to liberty, life, and property, the best-known expression of human rights is within the Virginia Declaration of Rights in the year of 1776 which proclaims that " By nature all men are equally free & independent and contain certain inherent rights, of which, while they enter a state of society, they can’t, by any deprive, compact, or divest their posterity."
Interdependent and indivisible:
All of the human rights are indivisible, whether they are political rights and civil such as the right to life, equality before the law and liberty of expression; social, economic, and cultural rights, such like the rights to work, social security and education, or collective rights, like the rights to self-determination and development, are interrelated, indivisible and interdependent. The development of one right facilitates advancement of the others. Similarly, the deprivation of one right adversely affects the others.
Equal and non-discriminatory:
In international human rights law Non-discrimination is a cross-cutting principle. In all the major human rights treaties, the principle is present and provides the central theme of some international human rights conventions like the International Convention on the removal of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the Convention on the removal of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. The principle applies to everybody in relation to all of the human rights and freedoms and it prohibits discrimination on the basis of a list of non-exhaustive categories like race, sex color and so on. The principle of non-discrimination is complemented via the principle of equality, Both Rights and Obligations:
Human rights entail rights and obligations both. States suppose obligations and duties under international law to respect, to defend and to fulfill human rights. The compulsion to respect means which States ought to refrain from interfering with or curtailing the enjoyment of human rights. The compulsion to protect requires States to protect groups and individuals against human rights abuses. The compulsion to fulfill means that States ought to take positive action to facilitate the enjoyment of fundamental human rights. At the individual level, whereas we are entitled our human rights, we ought to also respect the human rights of others.
Human Rights Day:
The United Nations' (UN) Human Rights Day is observed annually December 10 to mark the anniversary of presentation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
On the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, events focused are held universal on and around December 10. Many events target to educate people, children & teenagers especially, on their human rights and the significance of upholding these in their own communities and further afield.
The day might also involved protests to aware people of circumstances in parts of the world where the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is not identified or respected, or where the significance of these rights are not referred to be important. Cultural events are also planned to celebrate the significance of human rights through dance, music, drama or fine art.
Human Rights Day presents chance, every year, to celebrate human rights, highlight a particular issue, and advocate for the full enjoyment of all of the human rights by everyone everywhere.
Human Rights Violations:
Now there is near-universal consensus that all of the individuals are entitled to sure basic rights under any conditions. These include certain political rights and civil liberties, the most basic of which is the right to life and physical security. Human rights are the articulation of the requirement for tolerance, justice, mutual respect, and human dignity in all activity. Speaking of rights lets us to express the idea which all individuals are part of the scope of and justice and morality.
In order to protect human rights is to make sure that people attain some degree of decent, humane treatment. In order to violate the most fundamental human rights, conversely, is to deny individuals their fundamental moral entitlements. In a sense, it is to treat them as if they are less than human and undeserving of respect and dignity. For instance acts typically deemed "crimes against humanity," involving slavery, torture, genocide, rape, enforced sterilization or medical experimentation, and deliberate starvation. Since these policies are sometimes implemented via governments, restricting the unrestrained power of the state is significant part of international law. Underlying laws which prohibit the several "crimes against humanity" is the principle of nondiscrimination and the notion that certain basic rights universally apply.
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