Difference between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes

Differences between Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes:


Prokaryotes: Most of the Prokaryotes are very small. A few are larger than 50µm.
Eukaryotes: Most of them are large cells (10-100µm). A few are larger than 1mm.

General Characteristics:

Prokaryotes: All of them are microbes. And Unicellular or colonial. The nucleoid is not bounded by membrane.
Eukaryotes: Several are microbes; most of them are big organisms. All hold a membrane- bound nucleus.

Cell Division:

Prokaryotes: No meiosis or mitosis. Mostly by binary fission or budding.
Eukaryotes: Meiosis and mitosis kinds of cell division take place.

Sexual system:

Prokaryotes: Not present in most forms, whenever existed unidirectional transfer of genetic material from donor to the recipient.
Eukaryotes: Existed in most forms, equivalent male and female contribution in fertilization.


Prokaryotes: No multi-cellular growth from diploid zygotes. No widespread tissue differentiation.
Eukaryotes: Haploid forms are generated by meiosis and diploid from zygotes. Multi-cellular organisms exhibit extensive tissue discrimination.

Flagella Type:

Prokaryotes: Some contain simple bacterial flagella composed of merely one fibril.
Eukaryotes: The Flagella are of 9+2 kind.

Cell wall:

Prokaryotes: Build up of peptidoglycan (i.e., mucopeptide). Cellulose is not present.
Eukaryotes: The cell wall is build up of cellulose in chitin and in plants fungi.


Prokaryotes: Membrane bound organelles like endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, Golgi complex, chloroplasts and vacuoles are not present.
Eukaryotes: Membrane bound organelles like endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, Golgi complex, chloroplasts and vacuoles are existed.


Prokaryotes: Ribosomes are much smaller and made up of 70 s units (here, s refers to Svedberg unit, the sedimentation coefficient of a particle in ultra centrifuge)
Eukaryotes: The ribosomes are bigger and made up of 80s units.


Prokaryotes: Genetic material (that is, DNA) is not found in disciplined chromosomes.
Eukaryotes: Genetic material is found in disciplined chromosomes.


Latest technology based Biology Online Tutoring Assistance

Tutors, at the www.tutorsglobe.com, take pledge to provide full satisfaction and assurance in Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell homework help via online tutoring. Students are getting 100% satisfaction by online tutors across the globe. Here you can get homework help for Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell, project ideas and tutorials. We provide email based Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell homework help. You can join us to ask queries 24x7 with live, experienced and qualified online tutors specialized in Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell. Through Online Tutoring, you would be able to complete your homework or assignments at your home. Tutors at the TutorsGlobe are committed to provide the best quality online tutoring assistance for Biology homework help and assignment help services. They use their experience, as they have solved thousands of the Biology assignments, which may help you to solve your complex issues of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell. TutorsGlobe assure for the best quality compliance to your homework. Compromise with quality is not in our dictionary. If we feel that we are not able to provide the homework help as per the deadline or given instruction by the student, we refund the money of the student without any delay.

2015 ┬ęTutorsGlobe All rights reserved. TutorsGlobe Rated 4.8/5 based on 34139 reviews.