Explain preparation and properties of phosphorus trichloride

It may be prepared by the action of phosphorus on thionyl chloride.

P4 + 8SOCl2  816_Phosphorus trichloride.png  4OCl3 + 4SO2 + 2S2Cl2
    
Lab. Method: it is more conveniently prepared in the laboratory by heating white phosphorus in a current of dry chlorine when phosphorus trichloride distils over.

P4 + 6Cl2  816_Phosphorus trichloride.png  4PCl3

Phosphorus is gently heated in a retort on a water bath and current dry chlorine is passed. Phosphorus trichloride distils over and is collected in a receiver cooled in freezing mixture.

It is redistilled over white phosphorus to remove any phosphorus pentachloride present an impurity.

Properties

    
It is colourless fuming liquid.
    
It reacts violently with water forming phosphorus acid.

PCl3 + 3HOH  816_Phosphorus trichloride.png  H3PO3 + 3HCl
    
It reacts with concentrated H2SO4 forming chlorosulphonic acid.
    
1292_Phosphorus trichloride1.png 

Or, 2H2SO4 + PCl3  816_Phosphorus trichloride.png  HSO3Cl + HPO3 + SO2 + HCl
    
It reacts with organic compounds containing hydroxyl group.

2328_Phosphorus trichloride2.png 
    
It directly combines with Cl2, O2 and S. this indicates that it is an unsaturated compound.

PCl3 + Cl2  816_Phosphorus trichloride.png  PCl5

2PCl3 + O2  816_Phosphorus trichloride.png  2POCl3

PCl3 + S  816_Phosphorus trichloride.png  PSCl
3
    
It acts as a reducing agent.

PCl3 + SO2Cl2  816_Phosphorus trichloride.png  PCl5 + SO2

PCL3 + SO3  816_Phosphorus trichloride.png  POCL3 + SO2

3PCl3 + S2Cl2  816_Phosphorus trichloride.png  PCL5 + 2PSCl
3

It reacts with finely divided metals when hot.

12Ag + 4PCl3  816_Phosphorus trichloride.png  12AgCl + P4

6Na + PCl3  816_Phosphorus trichloride.png  3NaCl + Na2P

 

   Related Questions in Chemistry

  • Q : Chem Silicon has three naturally

    Silicon has three naturally occurring isotopes. 28Si, mass = 27.976927; 29Si, mass = 28.976495; 30Si, mass = 29.973770 and 3.10% abundance. What is the abundance of 28Si?

  • Q : Vapour pressure Vapour pressure of

    Vapour pressure of methanol in water Give me answer of this question. An aqueous solution of methanol in water has vapour pressure: (a) Equal to that of water (b) Equal to that of methanol (c) More than that of water (d) Less than that of water

  • Q : How haloalkanes are prepared from

    This is the common method for preparing haloalkanes in laboratory. Alcohols can be converted to haloalkanes by substitution of - OH group with a halogen atom.


    Different reagents can be used to get haloa

  • Q : What are Ethers and its types? Ethers

    Ethers are the compounds with general formula or CnH2n+

  • Q : Explain Solid Compound Formation. In

    In some two component, solid liquid systems, a solid compound forms.

    In systems in which the components have an interaction for such other, a solid state compound of the two compounds of the two components can form.

    Formic acid and formaide form a solid state, one-to-one com

  • Q : Reducible Representations The number of

    The number of times each irreducible representation occurs in a reducible representation can be calculated.

    Consider the C2point group as described or Appendix C. you can see that (1) sum of

  • Q : What are lattices and unit cells? The

    The repeating, atomic level structure of a crystal can be represented by a lattice and by the repeating unit of the lattice, the unit cell.

    It was apparent very early in the study of crystals that the shapes of crystals stem from an ordered array of smaller

  • Q : Entropy is entropy on moleculare basis

    is entropy on moleculare basis relates to the tras.,vib.,and rotational motions?

  • Q : Effect on vapour pressure of dissolving

    Give me answer of this question. When a substance is dissolved in a solvent the vapour pressure of the solvent is decreased. This results in: (a) An increase in the b.p. of the solution (b) A decrease in the b.p. of the solvent (c) The solution having a higher fr

  • Q : Describe Thermodynamics Properties The

    The free energy property leads to convenient expressions for the volume and pressure dependence of internal energy, enthalpy and the heat capacities.

    All the properties of a chemical system, a sample of a substance, or a mixture of substances have some fixe