White males have been the most powerful group in the United States for years. Through economic exclusions, enforced by laws and reinforced by deep cultural attitudes, there has existed, in effect, a preferential hiring program for white males. In light of that historical reality and the dynamics that remain in our culture, evaluate the contemporary strategy of affirmative action for minorities to bring about more fairness in hiring and promotion practices. Explain and defend your arguments concerning affirmative action and "reverse discrimination". Apply one of the ethics theories to support your position (Utilitarian, Kant, Rawls, Libertarian, and Egoism).