Prior to beginning work on this discussion forum,
• Read Chapter: Standards, Curriculum, and Accountability in your Introduction to Teaching: Making a Difference in Student Learning
• Review the background information for discussion topic in the Packback Discussion Forum Guidance section below.
• Follow the directions in the Task section of the Packback Discussion Forum Guidance section below.
As educators, the guidelines or sets of strategies on which the approaches to teaching are based are called Instructional Models. There are several instructional models that educators use to deliver instruction to their students. In this course we will focus on four specific evidence-based models. The Evidence-Based Models of Teaching chapter provides extensive information about data-proven instructional methods and techniques. To save you from having to dissect the whole document for this course, listed are the pages that share information on the four instructional models upon which we will focus.
• The direct instruction model (pp. 148-149)
• Cooperative learning model (p. 154)
• PBL model (pp. 156-158)
• Inquiry-based model (pp. 159-160)
The Direct Instruction Model - A model of instruction that usually consists of two main components, expository teaching (lecture) and questioning.
Cooperative Learning Model - A learning model that involves the use of small groups in the classroom so that students work together to extend their own and each other's learning.
PBL Model - A teaching method in which students gain knowledge and skills by working for an extended time on a real-world challenge to produce a product.
Inquiry-Based Model - A teaching model that provides learners with opportunities to develop skills that enable them to locate, gather, and apply information in a wide range of contexts.
Every good educator tries to provide support for learners in as many modalities as possible. The following video clips also introduce our four instructional models upon which we focus.
• How to Do Direct Instruction-TeachLikeThis
• Cooperative Learning in the Elementary School
• 7 Steps of Project-Based Learning
• Inquiry-Based Learning: Developing Student-Driven Questions
Your task is to research and evaluate the four main evidenced-based instructional models used in today's classrooms.
Prior to participating in this discussion forum, review the information about the four main instructional models and invite your classmates to engage in a conversation with you by posing at least one question around those four models.
Craft a thought-provoking question around the four models that might inquire about things like steps and components of the model, how to implement the model, why one might be preferred over another, effectiveness of one model over another, or any other intriguing question topics you may have. The idea is for you to further the critical thinking processes of your classmates by challenging them to broaden their awareness of the four main evidenced-based instructional models used in today's classrooms.