What are Ethers and its types?

Ethers are the compounds with general formula or CnH2n+2O (same as monohydric alcohols). These are symbolized through a general structure. R-O-R'. They may be regarded as dialkyl derivatives of water or mono alkyl derivatives of alcohols.
                          
1476_ethers.png 

They are also considered as anhydrides of alcohols because they can be obtained by the elimination of water molecule from two alcohol molecules.
                        
1507_ethers1.png 

The groups R and R' in ether may either be same or different. In case these groups are same, the compounds are known as simple ethers or symmetrical ethers. On the other hand, if R and R' groups are different, the compounds are called mixed ether or unsymmetrical ethers.
                     
C2H5-O-C2H5      Simple ether
                     
C2H5-O-CH3         Mixed ether


Ethers may also be classified into two categories as aliphatic ethers and aromatic ethers. In aliphatic ethers, the groups R and R' are both alkyl groups whereas in aromatic ethers, one or both R and R' groups are aryl groups. Ether with one alkyl and one aryl groups are also called aryl alkyl ethers or phenolic ethers whereas ethers with both aryl groups are called diaryl ethers. Few examples are taken below:

775_ethers2.png

   Related Questions in Chemistry

  • Q : Relative lowering of the vapour pressure

    Choose the right answer from following.The relative lowering of the vapour pressure is equal to the ratio between the number of: (a) Solute moleules and solvent molecules (b) Solute molecules and the total molecules in the solution (c) Solvent molecules and the tota

  • Q : Molar conductance what is the molar

    what is the molar conductance of chloropentaamminecobalt(III) chloride?

  • Q : Oxoacids of halogens Why oxidising

    Why oxidising character of oxoacids of halogens decreases as oxidation number increases?

  • Q : Atmospheric pressure Give me answer of

    Give me answer of this question. The atmospheric pressure is sum of the: (a) Pressure of the biomolecules (b) Vapour pressure of atmospheric constituents (c) Vapour pressure of chemicals and vapour pressure of volatile (d) Pressure created on to atmospheric molecules

  • Q : Composition of the vapour Choose the

    Choose the right answer from following. An ideal solution was obtained by mixing methanol and ethanol. If the partial vapour pressure of methanol and ethanol are 2.619KPa and 4.556KPa respectively, the composition of the vapour (in terms of mole fraction) will be: (

  • Q : Mole fraction Give me answer of

    Give me answer of following question. The sum of the mole fraction of the components of a solution is : (a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 4.

  • Q : Concentration of Calcium carbonate Help

    Help me to go through this problem. 1000 gms aqueous solution of CaCO3 contains 10 gms of carbonate. Concentration of the solution is : (a)10 ppm (b)100 ppm (c)1000 ppm (d)10000 ppm

  • Q : How reactive is Trimethylindium towards

    Illustrate the reason, how reactive is Trimethylindium towards oxygen and water?

  • Q : What is laser and explain its working?

    Laser action relies on a non-Boltzmann population inversion formed by the absorption of radiation and vibrational deactivation that forms a long lived excited electronic state. An excited state molecule can move to a lower energy state or return to the

  • Q : Molarity of Barium hydroxide 25 ml of a

    25 ml of a solution of barium hydroxide on titration with 0.1 molar solution of the hydrochloric acid provide a litre value of 35 ml. The molarity of barium hydroxide solution will be: (i) 0.07 (ii) 0.14 (iii) 0.28 (iv) 0.35

©TutorsGlobe All rights reserved 2022-2023.