Process of Organizing
The process of organization may be described as the managerial function of organizing. It consists in making a rational division of work into groups of activities and tying together the position representing grouping of activities so as to achieve a rational well coordinated and orderly structure for the accomplishments of work. Important steps involved in this process are:
1 determination of objectives: it is the first step in building up an organization. It will consists in deciding as to why the proposed organization is to be set up and therefore what will be nature of the work to be accomplished through the organization.
2 enumerations of activities: then the total job is sub divided into essential activities for example the work of an industrial concern may be divided into the following major functions.
- export promotion etc.
3 grouping activities: then closely related and similar activities are grouped into divisions and departments and the departmental activities are further divided into sections. Different bases are adopted for the purpose of dividing and subdividing the activities into groups. Functions like sales production finance etc are made the basis of primary grouping. Secondary grouping is made on the basis of geographical areas types of customers' equipments' used processes adopted or constituent parts of major enterprise function.
4 allocation of fixed reasonability to definite persons: here specific job assignments are made to different subordinates for ensuring a certainty of work performance.
5 delegation of authority: authority without responsibility is a dangerous thing and similarly responsibility authority is empty vessel. Hence corresponding the responsibility authority is delegated to the subordinates for enabling them to show work performances.