Global Positioning System or GPS is defined as navigation and the precise-positioning tool. Designed by the Department of Defence in the year 1973, GPS was originally developed in order to assist soldiers and the military vehicles, planes, and ships in precisely finding their locations across the world. The utilization of the GPS has extended in order to include both the commercial and the scientific worlds. Commercially, the GPS is utilized as the navigation and positioning tool in the airplanes, cars, boats, and for almost all the outdoor recreational activities like hiking, fishing, and kayaking.
In scientific community, GPS performs a significant role in earth sciences. Meteorologists utilize it for the weather forecasting and global climate studies; and may use it as a highly accurate method of surveying and in the earthquake studies to determine the tectonic motions during and in between the earthquakes.