1) Chromium(III) hydroxide is highly insoluble in distilled water but dissolves readily in either acidic or basic solution. Briefly explain why the compound can dissolve in acidic or in basic but not in neutral solution. Write appropriate equations to support your answer. 2) Explain how dissolving the Group IV carbonate precipitate with 6M CH3COOH, followed by the addition of extra acetic acid, establishes a buffer with a pH of approximately 5. 3) A solution contains either Cr3+ or Ni2+ ion. Describe the reaction with a single reagent that will identify which ion is present. 4) The addition of S2- ion to Fe(OH)2(s). Explain why the addition of S2- ion to Cr(OH)3(s) does not result in the formation of Cr2S3(s). 5) A black precipitate remaining from the separation of Cr3+ and Fe2+ ions from Ni2+ ion is dissolved in HCl HNO3. Some NH3 is added, followed by several drops of dimethylglyoxime. a) A colorless solution results. What do you think has happened? b) What might have gone wrong? 6) A student was analyzing an unknown containing only Group IV cations. When the unknown was treated with 3M (NH4)2CO3 solution, a white precipitate formed. Because the acetic acid bottle was empty, the student used 6M HCl to dissolve the precipitate. Following the procedure of this experiment, the student then added 0.10M K2CrO4 solution as directed and no precipitate formed. Oxalic acid was added to the solution, and no precipitate formed. a) What mistake did the student make? b) How did the mistake affect the tests for the cations in solution?

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