Discuss the business of social welfare


Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1. Each of the following is considered the business of social welfare except:

a. telling people how to live their lives.
b. ending all types of discrimination and oppression.
c. providing child-care services for parents who work outside the home.
d. rehabilitating people who are addicted to alcohol or drugs.

2. Which of the following statements is consistent with the residual view of social welfare?

a. Recipients are viewed as being entitled to social services and financial help.
b. Social services and financial help should be provided to an individual on a short-term basis, primarily during emergencies.
c. It is associated with the belief that an individual's difficulties are due to causes largely beyond his or her control.
d. There is no stigma attached to receiving funds or services. In this view, when difficulties arise, causes are sought in the society, and efforts are focused on improving the social institutions within which the individual functions.

3. Which of the following is consistent with an institutional view of social welfare?

a. Social services and financial aid should be provided only when other measures or efforts have been exhausted.
b. Causes for client's difficulties are sought in the society.
c. Clients are to blame for their predicaments because of personal inadequacies.
d. Recipients are required to perform certain low-grade work assignments to receive financial aid.

4. The Elizabethan Poor Law of 1601 established three categories of relief recipients:

a. the insane, the poor, and the disabled.
b. the insane, dependent children, and the poor.
c. the able-bodied poor, the impotent poor, and dependent children.
d. the disabled, wives of prisoners, and the poor.

5. Before 1930 social services and financial assistance for people in need were provided primarily by _____.

a. churches and voluntary organizations
b. federal and state institutions
c. richer European countries
d. the military

6. President Clinton and the Republican-controlled Congress abolished Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) in 1996 and replaced it with:

a. Welfare Services for Single Mothers.
b. Temporary Assistance to Needy Families.
c. Conditional Aid to Single Parents.
d. Assistance for Poor Families.

7. One of the businesses of social welfare is to provide adequate housing for the homeless.

a. True
b. False

8. In the past, social welfare has been more of a pure science than an applied science.

a. True
b. False

9. Blaming social welfare clients for their predicaments is consistent with the institutional view of social welfare.

a. True
b. False

10. The Protestant ethic emphasized individualism, the view that one is the master of one's own fate.

a. True
b. False

Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

11. Mary Richmond's book "Social Diagnosis" identifies all of the following steps in the intervention process of how a social worker should intervene with individuals except:

a. collecting information.
b. treatment planning.
c. stating the prospect of improvement.
d. fund collection.

12. Identify the role a social worker is most likely to take up at the level in which the social worker helps people enhance their problem-solving, coping, and developmental capacities using the person-in-environment concept.

a. Advocate
b. Facilitator
c. Consultant
d. Supervisor

13. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, social workers:

a. refrain themselves from getting involved with clients on a one-to-one basis.
b. are more valuable than psychologists.
c. practice only at macro level.
d. identify people who need help.

14. The _____is the focal point for social work education that promotes social work education and the development of high-quality educational programs around the world.

a. Council on Social Work Education
b. National Association of Social Work
c. International Association of Schools of Social Work
d. International Federation of Social Workers

15. _____ is an ideal condition in which all members of a society have the same basic rights, protection, opportunities, obligations, and social benefits.

a. Social justice
b. Economic justice
c. Privilege
d. Empowerment

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

16. Charity organization societies, by the last half of the 1800s, used volunteer "friendly visitors" to work with recipients of services.

a. True
b. False

17. Social workers are graduates of accredited programs of social work, who have either a bachelor's or master's degree.

a. True
b. False

18. A generalist social worker is trained to use the problem-solving process to assess and intervene with the problems confronting individuals, families, groups, organizations, and communities.

a. True
b. False

19. The ecological model of human behavior emphasizes the person-in-environment concept.

a. True
b. False

20. The strengths perspective for social work is closely related to the concept of "empowerment."

a. True
b. False

Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

21. The most important point of generalist social work practice involves viewing a problem situation in terms of the _____.

a. looking-glass self-concept

b. person-in-environment framework

c. social darwinism

d. cultural pluralism

22. In which of the following roles does a social worker bring together those who are in conflict over one or more issues and seek to achieve bargaining and compromise to arrive at mutually acceptable agreements?

a. Initiator
b. Advocate
c. Negotiator
d. Coordinator

23. _____ established in many large cities in the United States in the late 1800s are largely credited for providing the roots of social group work.

a. Halfway houses
b. Settlement houses
c. Scout groups
d. Masonic lodges

24. Alcoholics Anonymous, developed by two former alcoholics, is an example of a _____.

a. self-help group
b. socialization group
c. recreation group
d. task group

25. The National Association of Social Workers (NASW) has formulated a Code of Ethics that summarizes important practice ethics for social workers. Which of the following behaviors has been listed under the social work competency entitled "Engage in Practice-Informed Research and Research-Informed Practice"?

a. Using and translating research evidence to inform and improve practice, policy, and service delivery
b. Assessing how social welfare and economic policies impact the delivery of and access to social services
c. Applying critical thinking to interpret information from clients and constituencies
d. Using inter-professional collaboration as appropriate to achieve beneficial practice outcomes

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

26. The crux of generalist social work practice involves viewing a problem situation in terms of the person-inenvironment conceptualization and being willing and able to intervene at several different levels while assuming any number of roles.

a. True
b. False

27. In-home services are specifically designed to help families stay together.

a. True
b. False

28. Sensitivity groups are at times used to help train professional counselors to be more perceptive and effective in interpersonal interactions with clients and with other professionals.

a. True
b. False

29. The tactics used in social action approach include protests, boycotts, and confrontation.

a. True
b. False

30. The principle of client's right to self-determination asserts that clients have the right to hold and express their own opinions and to act on them, as long as doing so does not infringe on the rights of others.

a. True

b. False

Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

31. Which of the following statements is true of poverty?

a. The rate of poverty in the United States is lower now than it was in 1980.
b. The poor are less likely to receive probation, parole, or suspended sentences.
c. Children raised in poor families are more likely to succeed in life and move to a higher social class.

32. In the context of defining poverty, which of the following is true of the absolute approach?

a. This approach puts more emphasis on the inequality of incomes.
b. This approach considers the fact that people are poor not only in terms of their own needs but also in relation to others who are not poor.
c. It states that a certain amount of goods and services is essential to an individual's or family's welfare, and those who do not have this minimum amount are viewed as poor.
d. It states that a person is poor when his or her income is substantially less than the average income of the population.

33. Social insurance programs in America include:

a. food stamps.
b. Medicaid.
c. housing assistance.
d. Medicare.

34. Under which of the following public assistance programs does the federal government pay monthly checks to people in financial need who are 65 years of age and older or who are blind or disabled at any age?

a. Medicare
b. Unemployment Insurance
c. Supplemental Security Income
d. General Assistance

35. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act abolished the Aid to Families of Dependent Children program and replaced it with the _____ program.

a. Temporary Assistance to Needy Families
b. Supplemental Security Income
c. Food Stamp
d. General Assistance

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

36. The relative approach to defining poverty states that poverty will persist as long as income inequality exists.

a. True
b. False

37. The Supplemental Security Income program provides a guaranteed minimum income for the aged, the blind, and the disabled.

a. True
b. False

38. The Supplemental Nutrition Program (SNAP) is designed to combat hunger and to improve the diets of low-income households by augmenting their food-purchasing ability.

a. True
b. False

39. The key variable in determining if clients will make positive changes in their lives is whether they have the motivation to make the efforts necessary to improve their circumstances.

a. True
b. False

40. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act provides a lifetime guarantee of cash assistance to poor families with children.

a. True
b. False

Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

41. Which of the following is true about the workforce in the United States?

a. Currently, only about 2% of the labor forces consist of farming, forestry, and fishing workers.
b. Today, the largest occupational group in terms of numbers is blue-collar workers.
c. Most workers in secondary industry are white-collar workers.
d. A majority of the country's workforce is employed in secondary industry.

42. Which of the following is true of women in the American workforce?

a. The number of women entering the labor force is declining.
b. Women are paid only three-fourths of what men are paid for the same amount of work.
c. Women tend to be employed in the more prestigious, higher-paying positions.

43. Which of the following is a source of alienation for American workers?

a. Work that involves learning
b. Lack of automation
c. Work that is highly creative
d. Specialization

44. All of the following are true about unemployment except that:

a. when long-term unemployment occurs, many of the unemployed become increasingly isolated.
b. being laid off is often interpreted by the unemployed as a sign of being incompetent and worthless.
c. when the long-term unemployed obtain reemployment, they rapidly recover their self-esteem.

45. Which of the following is a reason for the high unemployment among African Americans and Latinos?

a. They are thought to be less productive, clumsier, and more accident prone than other workers.

b. They are less healthy, and more prone to absenteeism than White workers.

c. They have a lower-than-average level of educational achievement than other workers.

d. They are considered more difficult to get along with when compared to White workers.

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

46. The American society has become highly interdependent because of specialization.

a. True
b. False

47. Alienation is the sense of meaninglessness and powerlessness that people experience when interacting with social institutions they consider oppressive and beyond their control.

a. True
b. False

48. President Reagan's plan to revive the economy included an increase in federal spending for social welfare programs and for educational programs.

a. True
b. False

49. The welfare movement in American business began only during the late 1900s.

a. True
b. False

50. Employee assistance program (EAP) staff members are not allowed to be involved in cases of legal garnishment of employees.

a. True
b. False

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