Operation of currency forward and futures market

Describe basic differences between operation of a currency forward market and a futures market.




Forward market is an OTC market where forward contract for the sale or purchase of foreign currency is tailor-made between the client and its international bank.  No money changes hands up till the maturity date of the contract when the delivery and receipt are generally made.  A futures contract is an exchange-traded instrument with the standardized attributes stating the contract size and the delivery date.  Futures contracts are marked-to-market daily in order to reflect the changes in settlement price.  Delivery is made sometimes in the futures market.  Instead a reversing trade is made to close out a short or long position.

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