Drones are also known as the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles(UAV) and they are aircrafts which are remotely controlled such that they don't have human beings on board. They may be armed with bombs and missiles during attack missions. Since September 2011 when the World Trade Center was attacked and also when the War on Terror happened, the United States has been using drones or the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) to kill those who were suspected to be the terrorists in Yemen, Pakistan, Somalia, Afghanistan and other countries. It is clear that the use of drones have decreased networks of terrorists abroad through the use of strikes with less civilian causalities. According to the BPMN documentation, drones are somehow affordable weapons and can be used under the nation's oversight and lastly, the use of drones can help in preventing "boots on the ground combat" and therefore that will make America even safer unlike before when there was no use of drones (Dempsey & Martin 2010).
The two processes mentioned here are; Collect Battlefield Intelligence and the second process is the use of drones. The new process, the use of drones that will replace the use of manned airplanes and the use of drones will have the same objectives as the old process but the advantage of the new process is that it will be convenient for missions that are considered too dangerous and dirty for human beings to undertake. Drones are more effective and efficient tools of deterrence than other old processes since they targets terrorist and insurgent groups around the whole world. it is efficient because it does not risk any life, they do not also need a large footprint of personnel of the United States overseas. Drones are effective since they can be loaded with missiles and bombs that are able to target terrorists, automobiles and also buildings or apartments that terrorism takes place. The measures that can be used to prove their effectiveness and efficiency are missiles, bombs and also its safety.
There are certain advantages that the department of defense will attain if they implement the ERP systems. First of all, when the ERP system is implemented, all organizational processes will be visible in all the defense department. Workflow in the defense department will also be coherent and automatic, there will also be a unified reporting system that will be used to do the analysis of status and statistics of the organization, it will not be necessary for the defensive department to buy and maintain other software's since the ERP system will do the work of the other software's and finally, the ERP systems are more secure to be used in the defensive department than other software (Taylor A. 2014)
However, anything that has advantages also have disadvantages and if the ERP systems will be implemented and used in the defense department, the department is likely to face a number of challenges and they are discussed below. The defense department will face difficulties in maintaining the ERP system since its cost is too high and there may also be indirect costs of the ERP system and lastly, the defense department can face the challenge of migrating data to the ERP system which is very difficult.
Apart from the Defense Department, Agency for Research and quality can also use the ERP system in their department. Just like the Defense Department, it will have the following advantages. When the ERP system is implemented, all organizational processes will be visible in all the agency's departments, workflow in the agency will also be coherent and automatic and also there will also be a unified reporting system that will be used to do the analysis of status and statistics of the organization. The main challenge will be the high cost of maintaining the ERP system.
Dempsey S. & Martin E. (2010). Remote Piloted Aerial Vehicles: An Anthology. Monash University. Retrieved 2016.
Taylor A. (2014). History of the US Drones : Center for Telecommunication and Information Engineering: ERP Systems. Retrieved From The Free Dictionary.
Using BPMN documentation, diagram the Collect Battlefield Intelligence process before and after the use of drones. Some activities are Request for Intelligence, Schedule Airplane, and Transmit Data. Resources include the Army database and the Air Force database. Roles include Warfighter, Planner, and Airplane Scheduler. Actors can be Airplane and Drone.