Recent news stories have clearly established that there are increasing instances of cyber-crime that are plaguing major corporations and financial institutions. These crimes have taken many forms, such as:
1) External parties infiltrating corporate Information Technology systems to steal customer information;
2) Unauthorized parties stealing and using patents and other protected information;
3) Corporate management falsifying documents and altering internal systems to steal funds from both corporations and customers; and
4) Internal corporate fraudsters establishing inappropriate processes to obtain vital information.
Format your assignment according to the following formatting requirements:
(1) The answer should be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides.
(2) The response also includes a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student's name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required page length.
(3) Also include a reference page. The Citations and references should follow APA format. The reference page is not included in the required page length.
Each of these events caused the financial statements of the affected corporations to change in multiple ways, providing evidence that fraudulent activities may have occurred. What methods (or processes) should these corporations establish to identify potential cyber-crime concerns? Cite examples of corporations that have taken additional steps and describe such steps.
Chapters 1 & 2 in Fraud Examination
Association of Certified Fraud Examiners. (2017). CFE code of professional standards.
Association of Certified Fraud Examiners. (2018). Report to the nations: 2018 global study on occupational fraud and abuse.
Carmichael, D. R. (2018). Audit versus fraud examination: What's the real difference? The CPA Journal, 88(2), 48-53.
Association of Certified Fraud Examiners. (2017). CFE code of professional standards interpretation and guidance.
Albrecht, W. S., Albrecht, C. O, Albrecht, C. C., & Zimbelman, M. F. (2019). Fraud examination (6th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE). (2018). Report to the nations: 2018 global study on occupational fraud and abuse.
Dorminey, J., Fleming, A. S., Kranacher, M-J., & Riley Jr., R. A. (2012). The evolution of fraud theory. Issues in Accounting Education, 27(2), 555-579.
Hurley, D. A., & Boyd, D. (2007). Sarbanes-Oxley Act section 404: Effective internal controls or overriding internal controls? Forensic Examiner, 16(2), 19-21.
Kranacher, M. J., Riley Jr., R. A., & Wells, J. T. (2011). Forensic accounting and fraud examination. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
PricewaterhouseCoopers. (2018). Pulling fraud out of the shadows.
Wolfe, D. T., & Hermanson, D. R. (2004). The fraud diamond: Considering the four elements of fraud. The CPA Journal.