Linux (pronounced "lih-nux", not "lie-nux") is a UNIX-like operating system (OS) developed by Linus Torvalds. He developed Linux since he wasn't happy with the presently available options in UNIX and felt he could develop it. So he did what anybody else would do, and built up his own operating system.
While Linus finished developing a working version of Linux, he liberally distributed the OS, which helped it achieve popularity. Today, Linux is utilized by millions of people around the world. Various computer hobbyists (a.k.a. nerds) such as operating system because it is customizable highly. Programmers can even change the source code and create their own unique version of the Linux operating system.
Web hosting companies frequently install Linux on their Web servers because Linux-based servers are cheaper to set up and maintain than Windows-based servers. As the Linux OS is distributed freely, there are no licensing fees. It means Linux servers can host hundreds or even thousands of websites at no additional cost. On the other hand, windows servers often require user licenses for each of the website hosted on the server.
Linux is available in various distributions. Some most popular distributions include Red Hat, CentOS, Debian, Enterprise, open SUSE, and Ubuntu. Linux also supports numerous hardware platforms, by including Intel, DEC Alpha, PowerPC, Sun Sparc, and Motorola. Since Linux is compatible along with so many kinds of hardware, variations of the Linux operating system are used for various other electronic devices besides computers. For example cable boxes, cell phones, and Sony's PS2 and PS3 gaming consoles.
You don’t require spending time and money to get licenses since Linux and much of its software come with the GNU General Public License. You can begin to work instantly without worrying that your software may stop working anytime because the free trial version expires. In addition, there are large repositories from which you can freely download high quality software for almost any task you can think of.
Linux doesn’t require to be periodically rebooted to maintain performance levels. It doesn’t freeze up or slow down over time due to memory leaks and such. Constant up-times of hundreds of days (up to a year or more) are common.
It provides persistent high performance on workstations and on networks. This can handle unusually great numbers of users simultaneously, and can make old computers adequately responsive to be useful again.
It was developed by a group of programmers over the Internet and has consequently strong support for network functionality; client and server systems may be easily set up on any computer running Linux. It can carry out tasks such as network backups faster and more reliably comparison with alternative systems.
It can be used for high performance desktop applications, server applications, and embedded systems. You can save disk space only by installing the components required for a particular use. You can limit the use of specific computers by installing for instance only selected office applications rather than the whole suite.
The great number of Linux distributions gives you a choice. Every distribution is developed and supported by a distinct organization. You can choose the one you like best; the core functionalities are the similar; most software runs on most distributions.
It is designed to do various things at the same time; for example. Large printing job in the background won’t slow down your other work.
It is one of the most secure operating systems. “Walls” and flexible file access permission systems prevent access by unwanted viruses and visitors. Linux users ought to option to choose and safely download software, free of charge, from online repositories containing thousands of high quality packages. No purchase transactions needing credit card numbers or other sensitive personal information are essential.
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