Theorem-G satis es the right and left cancellation laws

Let G be a group.

(i) G satis es the right and left cancellation laws; that is, if a; b; x ≡ G, then ax = bx and xa = xb each imply that a = b.

(ii) If g ≡ G, then (g-1)-1 = g.

E

Expert

##### Verified

Proof:

(i) From ax = bx, we have axx-1 = bxx-1, then ae = be, then a = b. Similarly for the other case.

(ii) Temporarily denote the inverse of g-1 by h (instead of (g-1)-1). Then the defining property of h, from the axiom for inverses applied to g-1, is that

g-1h = hg-1 = e:

But g itself satis es these equations in place of h, because the axiom for inverses applied to g says that

gg-1 = g-1g = e:

Hence, since inverses are unique, h = (g-1)-1 = g, as required.

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