light
what is the speed of light?
Maxwell's demon (J.C. Maxwell): A contemplation experiment describing the concepts of entropy. We contain a container of gas that is partitioned into two equivalent sides; each side is in thermal equilibrium with the other. The walls and the separatio
No-hair conjecture (1960s): The conjecture (confirmed in the 1970s and 1980s) in general relativity that a black hole has merely three salient external characteristics: angular momentum, mass, and electric charge. All the other proper
Briefly explain the procedure to compute the tensile strength?
What is Farad or SI unit of capacitance?
Farad: F (after M. Faraday, 1791-1867): The derived SI unit of the capacitance stated as the capacitance in a capacitor that, when charged to 1 C, contains
Avogadro's hypothesis (Count A. Avogadro; 1811): Equivalent volumes of all gases at similar temperature and pressure contain equivalent numbers of molecules. This is, in fact, true only for the ideal gases.
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Rayleigh criterion: resolving power: The criterion for determining how delicately a set of optics might be able to differentiate. This starts with the supposition that central ring of one image must fall on the first dark ring of the other; for
Joule's laws (J.P. Joule)
Joule's first law:
The heat Q generated whenever a current I flows via a resistance R for a specified time t is specified by:
Q = I^{2 }
Photoelectric effect: An effect described by A. Einstein that demonstrates that light seems to be made up of particles, or photons. The light can excite electrons (termed as photoelectrons in this context) to be ejected from the metal. Light with a fr
What do you mean by the term alloy? Briefly illustrate it.
Static limit: The distance from a rotating black hole where no spectator can possibly stay at rest (with respect to the far-away stars) since of inertial frame dragging; this area is external of the event horizon, apart from at the poles where it meet
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