The findings of the Ohio State studies can be summarized as follows:
i) Consideration was positively related to low absenteeism and grievance, but it was negatively or neutrally related to performance.
ii) Initiating structure was positively related to employee performance but was also associated with such negative consequences as absenteeism and grievances.
iii) When both consideration and structure were high, performance and satisfaction tended to be high. But in some cases, high productivity was accompanied by absenteeism and grievances.