Difference between monosaccharides and disaccharides

Write the difference between monosaccharides and disaccharides? What are various illustrations of disaccharides and of monosaccharides which form them?




Monosaccharides are molecules of carbohydrates which can’t be broken into other carbohydrates. Fructose and Glucose are illustrations of monosaccharides. Disaccharides are carbohydrates made up of two monosaccharides and with the loss of one molecule of water (or dehydration). The chemical bond among two monosaccharides is termed as a glycosidic bond.

Sucrose (that is, table sugar) is a disaccharide made up by the union of one molecule of glucose with 1 molecule of fructose. Maltose is a disaccharide made up by 2 glucose molecules. Lactose (that is, milk sugar) is the other disaccharide and it is made by the union of one molecule of galactose with one molecule of glucose.

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