A) had little lasting impact on the conduct of government in China.
B) felt that some people were born evil and could not be changed.
C) lived during the period of the Warring States.
D) was made a high ranking advisor to a Chinese leader.
2) Of the following, which was NOT one of the five texts canonized by Confucius?
A) The Good Life
B) Book of Songs
C) Rites and Rituals
D) Book of Changes
3) Which ideology had the most influence on the Qin dynasty?
A) stresses a closeness to the natural world.
B) was developed primarily to guide statesmen.
C) is quite similar to Confucianism.
D) presents a detailed set of formal rules to guide society.
5) The Mandate of Heaven:
A) could allow a dynasty to rule forever.
B) blessed moral rulers.
C) showed it was pleased by creating natural disasters.
D) was a personal god worshipped by emperors.
6) Chinese silk reached Rome via the first silk route in:
A) 138 B.C.E.
B) 11 C.E.
C) 40 C.E.
D) 57 B.C.E.
A) was always treated with respect by the ruler of China.
B) wrote a nearly complete history of China.
C) stuck to the study of people and events.
D) began the tradition of writing down Chinese history.
8) The Sui dynasty:
A) initially had the loyalty of peasant farmers.
B) came between the Qin and Han dynasties.
C) was founded by a Confucius scholar.
D) decentralized authority, giving more independent power to local levels of government.
9) The Grand Canal, completed during the Sui dynasty linked which of the following?
A) the Yangzi and the Yellow River systems
B) the Yangzi and the Ganges
C) the Yangzi and the Huang He
D) the Yangzi and the Mekong
A) was conquered twice by China.
B) accepted the cultural hegemony of China.
C) modeled its art on that of the southeast Asian islands.
D) was careful to keep its borders closed to immigrants during its early years.
11) In which of the following are the dynasties arranged in proper chronological order?
A) Qin, Han, Sui, Tang
B) Shang, Zhou, Han, Qin
C) Shang, Sui, Tang, Han
D) Qin, Han, Tang, Sui
12) Of the following, who came closest to unifying the entire Indian subcontinent?
B) Alexander the Great.
C) Chandragupta Maurya.
13) Which of the following statements about the Ramayana is incorrect?
A) It leads some men to applaud Sita's actions toward her husband.
B) It refers to an earlier time than that depicted in the Mahabharata.
C) It leads some women to be critical of Rama's actions toward his wife Sita.
D) It is interpreted differently in different parts of the Hindu world.
14) The Aryan peoples in India:
A) spoke a Semitic language.
B) were expelled from the region by the Maurya dynasty.
C) formed political groupings called janapadas.
D) first arrived in the Indus valley in 1000 B.C.E.
15) Which of the following was written first?
A) the Bhagavad-Gita
B) Sangam poetry
C) the Mahabharata and Ramayana
16) The Artha-sastra:
A) used the analogy that big fish eat littler fish.
B) has been known to historians since the early 1500s.
C) was written by a minister serving the Gupta Empire.
D) held that "the enemy of my friend is my enemy".
17) The Gupta Empire asserted the most control over:
A) local government.
B) regional government.
C) conquered territories.
D) the heartland of the empire.
18) Angkor Wat:
A) is dedicated to Vishnu, one of the major Hindu gods.
B) was built around 200 C.E.
C) was once the center of the Maurya dynasty.
D) is situated in the southern tip of India.
19) Findings at Roman trade sites dating to about 0 C.E. suggests that of the following groups, this group was least involved in ocean trade between the Roman Empire and India:
20) The Puranas focus least on this:
A) the deep philosophical concepts of Hinduism
B) stories of gods
C) folk tales
D) stories of goddesses
21) The Hindu culture developed before which of the following religious cultures?
22) The dance of this god symbolizes the cycle of creation and destruction:
23) In the Bhagavadgita:
A) Krishna tells Arjuna that Arjuna is not truly a warrior.
B) Arjuna learns that pacifism is the proper way of the Hindu.
C) Arjuna learns that he should follow his dharma, whether he wants to or not.
D) Krishna is the commander of Arjuna.
24) For the Buddha, the source of unhappiness in the world was:
B) the inaccurate teachings of the Hindu brahmins.
C) the inability of many souls to get incarnated into healthy bodies.
D) the wish to reach enlightenment.
25) Shingon Buddhism:
A) believes in the recitation of mantras.
B) prohibits music.
C) holds that the most important phrase is "Praise to Amida Buddha".
D) prohibits dancing.