In the discussion forum you were asked if parents had to

Multiple Choice: Select the ONE best answer-

1. The primary developmental task of adolescence is:
a. developing a sense of industry
b. developing a sense of intimacy
c. developing a sense of identity
d. developing a sense of initiative

2. Some characteristics that peer groups offer and which may be lacking in families are:
a. strong belief structure
b. a clear system of rules
c. communication and discussion about drugs, sex, and religion.
d. all of the above.

3. Peer pressure is strongly associated with:
a. level of academic success
b. gender role conformity
c. a and b
d. none of the above

4. Fundamental changes that occur in the adolescent brain include:
a. neurological change
b. cognitive appraisal
c. emotion processing
d. all of the above

5. Adolescent thinking/cognition is characterized by:
a. a belief that his or her experience is unique
b. egocentrism
c. a and b
d. none of the above

6. The pre-frontal cortex of the brain is associated with:
a. self-awareness
b. weighing consequences of potential decisions
c. a and b
d. none of the above

7. Parents serve as role models for:
a. substance abuse
b. eating patterns
c. physical activity
d. all of the above.

8. Baumrind's research showed a relationship between parents' authoritative parenting style and adolescents'
a. academic competence
b. social maturity
c. a and b
d. none of the above

9. Qualities of effective parent-child relationships with adolescents include:
a. open communication
b. monitoring
c. supervision
d. all of the above

10. Authoritative parenting was related to teens' self-confidence and competence regardless of
a. ethnic background
b. gender
c. socioeconomic status
d. all of the above

11. Protective factors that decrease the likelihood of risky behavior in adolescents include: support of adolescents' involvement in:
a. extracurricular activities
b. organized religion
c. a and b
d. none of the above.

12.Which of the following is not true of gay and lesbian parents reveals that:
a. they are as competent as heterosexual parents
b. their children show special problems with self-concept
c. their children appear to be typically developing children.
d. all of the above

13. Which of the following is not characteristic of adolescent mothers?
a. They are less likely to talk to and cognitively stimulate their infants.
b. Their development conflicts with early parenthood.
c. They are not as warm and responsive as older mothers.
d. Their egocentrism may interfere with the development of empathy for the newborn.

14. Children raised in poverty are at-risk for:
a. poor physical and mental health
b. social incompetence
c. abuse
d. all of the above.

15. Children in poverty are likely to experience:
a. more family conflict and turmoil
b. separation from loved ones
c. less social support
d. all of the above

16. Which of the following have been identified as adjustment problems of children from affluent families?
a. depression
b. substance abuse
c. emotional problems
d. all of the above

17. Which of the following have been identified as sources of problems in affluent families?
a. disconnectedness
b. pressure to achieve
c. a and b
d. none of the above

18.The cultural niche within which parenting occurs includes:
a. the physical and social environment
b. customs of child rearing and child care
c. the parents' beliefs, values, and attitudes.
d. all of the above.

Answer the following in paragraph form:

19. What are the advantages and disadvantages of high-school-age adolescents working part-time jobs during the school year? Include examples in your answer.

20. In the Discussion Forum, you were asked "If parents had to obtain a license in order to have a child, what would you require for such a license? Why?" How did you answer that question? Would you answer it in the same way today? Why? Why not?

How did/do your ideas compare to those of Jack Westerman (p.329 in the textbook, chapter on social policy)? Explain.

21. Select ONE of the following four parent groups:

Divorcing Parents
Step-parents
Military Parents
Working Parents

Briefly describe the underlying concepts of family systems theory. Then apply family systems theory to one of the four parenting groups above by identifying and describing their changes/challenges/issues related to roles, boundaries, rules, traditions, rituals, communication, etc.

Identify and describe strategies to reduce parental and child stress in the midst of these changes, challenges, and issues.

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