Complete the INCA survey and develop a one-page reflection summarizing your ideas.
Select 3 critical incidents and analyze them. Frame your analyses of each incident using the dimensions from the INCA survey. Your analysis should contain at least three scholarly references that pertain directly to the incident. Your analysis should be complete and supported by the literature not an opinion
Please answer honestly what you think or would do. There is no “correct” answer.
Afterwards, use the INCA Survey key to calculate your scores.
Part 1 (Questions 1-7)
(c) Frequently or always
1. In restaurants I often eat dishes with ingredients that I don’t know.
2. I often seek contact with other people in order to learn as much as possible about their culture.
3. When other people don’t feel comfortable in my presence, I notice it.
4. I find it easy to adapt to people from diverse origins.
5. I am comfortable with not understanding things if I am in a strange place or foreign country.
6. When there are colleagues in my work area who constitute an ethnic minority, I try to involve them in the majority group.
7. When colleagues or superiors from different cultures criticize my work, I consider changing my work habits accordingly.
Part 2 – Scenarios (Questions 8 – 12)
You have been selected to take part in an international work project with an associate European company. This will involve you spending 3–4 months in a country which you have not visited before (although it is possible that you learnt some of the language at school).
8. What kind of information do you think you would need before departure?
a. I don’t know, I would wait until I got there.
b. I would use a guide book or other sources to find information about housing, healthcare, travel.
c. I would learn or review the language and look for official sources on history and culture
You have been appointed to a placement in another country for training purposes. Early in your placement, you discover that the system of hierarchy is totally different from that practiced in your own country. For example, you are used to people dressing informally, using first names, eating in the same canteen. Here there is much more formality, rules and regulations, and people don’t even speak the same way to each other. It is very strange and you cannot help feeling that your own way is much better.
9. What are some things you might do?
a) Make an effort to maintain familiar practices, Try and change things, Explain that our ways are better
b) Admit homesickness, Look for positive side, even though own way is best
c) Seek explanation from superiors in order to understand reasons, Make an effort to be patient, tolerant, Try out a different way of behaving to fit in, co-operate, adapt self to others
A young person from a different country comes to work at your firm for 6 months. You are aware that he is rather isolated and you consider the idea of inviting him to join you and your friends. The problem is that your group of friends have known each other for a long time and a stranger would find it difficult to fit in.
10. What would you probably do?
a) Ask friends whether they would welcome a stranger before taking action, Find out from conversation whether the person would have similar interests, Invite if interests are similar
b) Invite even if interests are different, Tell friends that you are bringing a stranger and explain why, Find out whether the person would like to join your group of friends, Invite because you would like to be invited if you were in the same position.
c) Mention the problem to a colleague, Wait to see whether the person suggests meeting
You have been working in a foreign country for six months and you speak the language well enough for everyday needs. At work, difficult procedures are explained to you in your own language, so there are no problems here. However, it is almost impossible to understand your colleagues when they talk to each other as they talk quickly about situations you do not understand. It is also difficult to understand jokes and casual remarks where people seem to speak in a local dialect. Therefore you often feel out of your depth and confused.
11. How do you feel?
a) I would feel unhappy, I would feel very left out, I couldn’t deal with that
b) I would talk only to fellow nationals
c) As long as I wasn’t being deliberately excluded it would be OK
12. How would you describe a familiar but complicated task involving the use of a piece of machinery as if to a foreigner who did not speak the language very well?
a) Speak slowly and loudly
b) Use gestures
c) Have him/her demonstrate understanding at the end
Part Three : Roleplay (Questions 13-18)
Mr Parker, a department director of a company in Southern England, has traveled to China in order to conduct negotiations. He is welcomed by the Managing Director of the Chinese company. But Mr Parker is not satisfied with the way the negotiations are going…
For three days Mr Parker has been negotiating with Mr Li, Mr Wang’s department director. These negotiations have been quite difficult and tiring. So Mr Parker is looking forward to this meeting and wants to seize the opportunity to clarify a few issues face to face with the director of the company.
Parker: I am delighted to meet you.
Wang/Interpreter: (takes his business card and hands it over to Mr Parker) Here is Mr Wang’s business card.
Parker: (takes Mr Wang’s card and puts it in his pocket) And here is mine. (he hands Mr Wang his card)
Wang/Interpreter: (Wang reads the card very attentively) Oh, you have even got Chinese characters on your visiting card! That's most kind of you. We have a saying in China: ‘When a friend has come from very far away, then that is a very joyful event.’ Mr Wang is therefore very glad to be able to welcome you here today.
Mr Parker, what would you like to drink? Tea or coffee?
Parker: Coffee please.
Wang/Interpreter: Mr Wang would like to know how you have spent the past few days in Shanghai. Have you been able to settle in and get used to the climate? Parker: Thank you for asking. I do have a few problems with my hotel. The air conditioning doesn’t really work, so I’ve caught a cold. And also there are … some problems with the negotiations with your company…
Wang/Interpreter: Mr Parker, if you should have any problems whatsoever, please let Mr Wang know. We will do our best.
Parker: Thank you very much.
Mr Parker is interrupted in his description of the problem:
Wang/Interpreter: Mr Parker, if you should have any problems whatsoever, please let Mr Wang know. We will do our best.
Wang/Interpreter: Mr Parker, are you married?
Parker: (slightly surprised) Yes.
Wang/Interpreter: Have you any children yet?
Parker: No, I don’t have any children yet … You know, with all this travelling I have to do … (forces a smile)
Wang/Interpreter: Mr Parker, Mr Wang has been reading your business card. And he has noticed that you are sales director, and you are still so very young. There is, as we say in China, a bright future lying ahead of you.
Therefore Mr Wang hopes that our … that the negotiations will take place on the basis of mutual trust and that they will be fruitful as a result of our joint efforts.
Parker: So do I. You know that our company has a high level of expertise in technological products. Since we are convinced that our Chinese partners will appreciate this, I hope that we will be able to conclude our negotiations successfully and soon.
Parker: What I would particularly like to know, Mr Wang, is how your company performs on delivery dates? Will you manage to keep to deadlines?
Wang/Interpreter: Oh, Mr Parker, there is your coffee. It is getting cold.
Parker: Thank you. (drinks) But what about the delivery dates?
Wang/Interpreter: You are welcome to discuss these questions tomorrow with Mr Li in more detail.
Wang/Interpreter: Mr Wang would like to know why you have not brought your wife with you this time?
Parker: Well, my wife is not all that interested in my business, and then she doesn’t really like long journeys.
Wang/Interpreter: Mr Wang thinks that is a pity, since Shanghai is a very nice city. There are many beautiful sights in the Shanghai area. So you really must bring your wife next time.
Parker: I will try to convince her. But that is going to be very difficult.
Wang/Interpreter: Mr Parker, have you had a chance to get to know the Chinese culture in more detail yet?
Parker: No, I'm afraid not. But I am not here on holiday. This is strictly a business visit.
Wang/Interpreter: Mr Parker, I am sure you have heard that the Chinese have a very long cultural tradition. So Mr Wang will tell Mr Li to take you to the 'Yuyuan’ tomorrow for a visit. There you will find also many shops that sell objects of cultural interest.
Parker: (growing rather impatient) Thank you very much, Mr Wang. But … perhaps we can return to that later?
Wang/Interpreter: Mr Wang has been very glad to welcome you here today. He hopes that our co-operation will be fruitful. The car that we have ordered for you has just arrived. Mr Wang would like to show you out.
Parker: Now, that’s a bit sudden. We haven't talked about business yet.
Wang/Interpreter: As Mr Wang just said, you will be able to talk business with Mr Li tomorrow.
Parker: (disappointed) All right.
13) Mr Parker is interrupted in his description of the problem:
Wang: Mr Parker, if you should have any problems whatsoever, please let Mr Wang know. We will do our best.
What could Mr Wang mean by this ?
a. Mr Wang will talk to Mr Li about the problems, but doesn't think they need to be discussed at executive level. If the problems persist, Mr Parker should get back to Mr Wang as soon as possible
b. Mr Wang doesn't think this meeting is the place to talk business. He only wants to get to know Mr Parker, but doesn't take him seriously as a negotiation partner.
c. Mr Wang can't really help with the hotel problems, but he is being polite with his guest. So Mr Parker should not discuss his problems further.
14) Comment on Mr Wang's question: ‘Have you any children yet?’
a. Mr Wang is just being curious.
b. Perhaps a man's status is higher in China if he has children.
c. He wants to get to know Mr Parker better because that makes business easier.
15) In the conversation the following dialogue occurs:
Wang: Therefore Mr Wang hopes that our … that the negotiations will take place on the basis of mutual trust and that they will be fruitful due to our joint efforts. Parker: So do I. You know that our company has a high level of expertise in technological products. Since we are convinced that our Chinese partners will appreciate this, I hope that we will be able to conclude our negotiations successfully and soon.
Why does Mr Wang laugh when Mr Parker makes this remark?
a. Mr Wang is embarrassed because Mr Parker is so eager to conclude a deal.
b. Mr Wang is hiding his irritation that Mr Parker may think his company can't keep to deadlines.
c. Perhaps Mr Wang is nervous because he may not be able to keep to deadlines.
16) Mr Wang and Mr Parker briefly discuss cultural activities:
Wang: Mr Parker, have you had a chance to get to know the Chinese culture in more detail yet ? Parker: No, I'm afraid not. But I am not here on holiday. This is strictly a business visit. Which statement best describes this situation in your opinion?
a. Mr Wang is just trying to keep the conversation going, but he knows that Mr Parker has no time for cultural activities on such a short business trip.
b. Mr Parker knows that culture is important to the Chinese, but he is under pressure. He would like to discuss Chinese culture, but only after the deal has been concluded.
c. Neither Mr Wang nor Mr Parker are aware that they have completely different expectations. The meeting would be more successful if each of them tried to adapt to the other's priorities.
17) Why does Mr Wang repeatedly tell the English manager to discuss business issues with Mr Li?
a. Mr Wang isn't aware of the details of the contract. Mr Parker should give Mr Wang more information and ask him to make the most important decisions. The details can then be worked out with Mr Li.
b. Mr Wang expects Mr Parker to negotiate with a Chinese colleague of his own status, as is customary in China. Mr Parker should not feel offended, but accept it and negotiate with Mr Li.
c. Mr Wang has delegated the negotiations to Mr Li and does not want undermine Mr Li by discussing the contract with Mr Parker. Mr Parker should respect this and try to solve any problems with Mr Li.
18) What statement best expressed the difficulties between Mr Parker and Mr Wang?
a. Mr Parker acted as you would normally act in a business meeting, and he expected Mr Wang to do the same. But the Chinese don't say what they mean, and it's hard to read between the lines if you don't speak Chinese.
b. Mr Parker and Mr Wang each followed the rules of their own culture. Mr Parker should have explained himself better and asked Mr Wang to say more clearly what he means.
c. The different cultures are not a problem, but Mr Wang and Mr Parker should have known that communication works differently in each culture. They should have tried to talk about these differences instead of trying to.
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