Double-declining balance method of depreciation

QUESTION 1: On January 1, 2008, Nobel Corporation acquired machinery at a cost of \$600,000. Nobel adopted the straight-line method of depreciation for this machine and had been recording depreciation over an estimated life of ten years, with no residual value. At the beginning of 2011, a decision was made to change to the double-declining balance method of depreciation for this machine.

A. ASSUMING A 30% TAX RATE, THE CUMULATIVE EFFECT OF THIS ACCOUNTING CHANGE ON BEGINNING RETAINED EARNINGS, IS??

B. THE AMOUNT THAT NOBEL SHOULD RECORD AS DECPRECIATION EXPENSE FOR 2011 IS?

QUESTION 2: Ernst Company purchased equipment that cost \$750,000 on January 1, 2010. The entire cost was recorded as an expense. The equipment had a nine-year life and a \$30,000 residual value. Ernst uses the straight-line method to account for depreciation expense. The error was discovered on December 10, 2012. Ernst is subject to a 40 % tax rate.

Before the correction was made and before the books were closed on December 31, 2012, retained earnings was understated by

a. \$332,000.
b. \$336,000.
c. \$354,000.
d. \$450,000.

QUESTION 3: On January 1, 2008, Lake Co. purchased a machine for \$792,000 and depreciated it by the straight-line method using an estimated useful life of eight years with no salvage value. On January 1, 2011, Lake determined that the machine had a useful life of six years from the date of acquisition and will have a salvage value of \$72,000. An accounting change was made in 2011 to reflect these additional data. The accumulated depreciation for this machine should have a balance at December 31, 2011 of

a. \$438,000.
b. \$462,000.
c. \$480,000.
d. \$528,000

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