1. Look up the term "Renaissance Humanism." Provide four definitions from four resources (CITE YOUR SOURCES FIRST). It is OK if definitions are similar to one another. What keywords are apparent in all four definitions? Find all adjectives and characteristics you find in each of the definitions to include in your keyword list. Using those keywords, come up with a definition of your own. Make sure you include time period in your definition. (See example below)
1. Look up FOUR definitions of the term "Renaissance Humanism"
Renaissance Humanism was an activity of cultural and educational reform engaged by scholars, writers, and civic leaders who are today known as Renaissance humanists. It developed during the fourteenth and the beginning of the fifteenth centuries, and was a response to the challenge of Mediæval scholastic education, emphasizing practical, pre-professional and -scientific studies.
Humanism is the term generally applied to the predominant social philosophy and intellectual and literary currents of the period from 1400 to 1650. The return to favor of the pagan classics stimulated the philosophy of secularism, the appreciation of worldly pleasures, and above all intensified the assertion of personal independence and individual expression. Zeal for the classics was a result as well as a cause of the growing secular view of life.
Humanism is the name given to the intellectual, literary, and scientific movement of the fourteenth to the sixteenth centuries, a movement which aimed at basing every branch of learning on the literature and culture of classical antiquity.
the spirit of learning that developed at the end of the middle ages with the revival of classical letters and a renewed confidence in the ability of human beings to determine for themselves truth and falsehood.
(When locating keywords, make sure that you include all ADJECTIVES and CHARACTERISTICS that the word contains in each of the definitions above.)
Key words: Fourteenth to sixteenth centuries, Classics, intellectual, science, education, secularism.
(When writing your own definition, remember to use this format: [The concept] is a movement from [insert time period] that is characterized by [insert adjectives and characteristics].)
My own definition: Renaissance Humanism was a movement between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in which people emphasized secularism by studying the Greek and Roman Classics in literature and art. This movement focused on the intellectual, scientific, and educational aspects of life.
Part B: Please provide the website where the information was obtained.
1. What is linear perspective? (You may copy/paste definition)
Provide a definition from a reputable website and then find an example of a Renaissance painting (painted between 1420 - 1570) that contains linear perspective.
Tomaso Masaccio, The Holy Trinity (1425). Notice how the title is in italics and the year is in parentheses.
2. What is aerial perspective? (You may copy/paste definition)
Provide a definition from a reputable website and then find an example of a Renaissance painting (painted between 1420 - 1570) that contains aerial perspective.
Example: Tomaso Masaccio, Tribute Money (c. 1420). Notice how the title is in italics and the year is in parentheses.
3. What is Chiaroscuro? (You may copy/paste definition)
Provide a definition from a reputable website and then find an example of a Renaissance painting (painted between 1420 - 1570) that contains chiaroscuro. Provide name and title.
4. What is Sfumato? (You may copy/paste definition)
Provide a definition from a reputable website and then find an example of a Renaissance painting (painted between 1420 - 1570) that contains sfumato. Provide name and title.
5. Look up L'Ultima Cena (The Last Supper) (1495-98) by Leonardo da Vinci. Name all the apostles from left to right. CITE YOUR SOURCES FIRST
6. Look up Philosophia (Scuola di Atene) (1509-11) by Raffaello Sanzio. Name at least TEN philosophers found in this painting and where they are located in the painting. For each philosopher you name, provide their dates and city or country in which they lived. CITE YOUR SOURCES
For example: Plato, 427-347 BCE, Athens, Greece. He is located in the center of the painting, at the top of the stairs, dressed in red, pointing upward.
Suggested videos and websites:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ny3vYIh1a5Q (search: Empire of the Eye: The Magic of Illusion) watch all seven videos