Explain the factors that responsible for the recent surge in international portfolio investment (IPI)?
The recent surge in international portfolio investments reflects globalization of financial markets. In particular, several countries have deregulated and liberalized their capital and foreign exchange markets in recent years. Additionally, commercial and investment banks have facilitated international investments by introducing such products like American Depository Receipts (ADRs) and country funds. Also, recent advancements in computer and telecommunication technologies led to a main reduction in transaction and information costs related with international investments. Additionally, investors might have become more attentive of the potential gains through international investments.