How some changes in health service delivery system have led


Health Care System Assignment

The students will complete a Case study assignments that give the opportunity to synthesize and apply the concepts learned in this and previous coursework to analyze a real-world scenario. This scenario will illustrate through example the practical importance and implications of various roles and functions of a Health Care Administrator and Marketing. The analytical exercises will improve students' understanding and ability to think critically about the public relations process, and their problem-solving skills. As a result of this assignment, students will be better able to understand, analyze, develop and generate a successful health care reform.

Objective: The students will complete a Case study assignments that give the opportunity to synthesize and apply the thoughts learned in this and previous coursework to examine a real-world scenario. This scenario will illustrate through example the practical importance and implications of various roles and functions of a Health Care Administrator. The investigative trainings will advance students' understanding and ability to contemplate critically about the public relations process, and their problem-solving skills. As a result of this assignment, students will be better able to comprehend, scrutinize and assess respectable superiority and performance by all institutional employees.

GUIDELINES:

Students will critically measure the readings from Chapters 7 and 8 in your textbook. This assignment is planned to help you examination, evaluation, and apply the readings and strategies to your Health Care organization, and new reform act.

You need to read the article assigned and develop a 3-4 page paper reproducing your understanding and capability to apply the readings to your Health Care organization and finance. Each paper must be typewritten with 12-point font and double-spaced with standard margins. Follow APA format when referring to the selected articles and include a reference page.

EACH PAPER SHOULD INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING:

1. Introduction Provide a brief synopsis of the meaning (not a description) of each Chapter and articles you read, in your own words that will apply to the case study presented.

2. Your Critique: Case Study

This is the first of a two-part series about the impact of health care reform on a Texas-based small business, Software Advice, and how the CEO, Don Fornes, plans to keep providing quality benefits while controlling costs.

When the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was passed, I thought it was just a watered-down version of health care reform. However, our health insurance broker recently briefed me on how it will impact our business when we renew our coverage. The majority of the ACA's provisions go into effect in 2014 -- and they are much more onerous than I expected.

The bottom line: We are expecting price increases of anywhere from six percent to 40 percent per employee next year. That's a big variation, right? I'll explain why we're facing such uncertainty.

Dramatic changes to health insurance pricing

The ACA's first major impact is a shift toward "community rating." Starting in 2014, insurance carriers will no longer be able to price small group coverage based on employees' health status and claims history. They will use only four factors: age, gender, tobacco use and ZIP code. That means other employee populations in your area will affect your insurance rates.

Community rating is a dramatic change, and it will result in substantial inflation for small groups that had previously enjoyed low rates based on younger, exceptionally healthy employee populations -- like ours.

Expanded coverage requirements

The ACA introduces broader requirements on what an employer's health care plan must cover. For example, small groups' coverage must now provide for essential health benefits, such as pediatric services, maternity care and substance abuse treatment, and is subject to maximum deductible and out-of-pocket limits. Large groups' plans must provide "affordable coverage" -- that is, the employer must cover at least 60 percent of the actuarial value of health care costs, and employee contributions must not exceed 9.5 percent of their income, whereas previously there was no such coverage quota.

Because our business has always been relatively healthy, we've been able to provide coverage that meets or exceeds these requirements, but I empathize with employers whose profit margins don't easily afford the provision of high-quality coverage. They will be the most significantly impacted by the new requirements.

As I examined all this information, I came to a conundrum: Are we a small group, or not? Under current Texas law, a small group is one with two to 50 employees. However, pending legislation -- Texas State Senate Bill 85 -- could expand that to companies of up to 100, if passed. We just hired our fifty-fifth employee.

Large group pros and cons

Many companies have been fearful of the "large group" label when it comes to health care reform, carefully keeping their staff numbers under 50. But we found that being a large group is actually beneficial to us. As a large group, we are exempt from community ratings and maximum deductible limits. We also don't have to provide essential health benefits -- though we already do. And the expected increase in health care costs for large groups in 2014 is relatively low -- six to eight percent.

Potential drawbacks of being a large group: We are subject to the "pay or play" rule -- provide coverage that meets the requirements, or pay a penalty-- as well as automatic employee enrollment upon hire and at renewal. For companies with a tighter bottom line, these rules may prove challenging. For our business, they are less relevant; we are already providing quality coverage, and we want everyone to have it.

Small group pros and cons

Small groups are exempt from pay or play. They don't have to provide coverage to their employees. If we were, say, a small pizza shop, this would be a relief. But we're not. We want to remain competitive in hiring -- and can afford to keep doing so.

The requirement to provide for essential health benefits could be problematic for cash-strapped companies and might raise carrier costs.

The biggest downsides if we're a small group: we'd be subject to detrimental community ratings, and maximum deductible and out-of-pocket limits would drive up costs across the board. As a small group, we would face a whopping 30 to 40 percent increase in health care costs for 2014.

The outcome

One thing we will do is push our renewal date out to December 2013, so that our new plan won't take effect until January 2014. That's because the government may actually change or delay implementation of some ACA provisions. Pushing out our renewal delays the new requirements as long as possible and allows us to keep a plan we like, while giving us a chance to see if the government backpedals.

CASE STUDY CHALLENGE

1. Describe how some changes in the health service delivery system have led to a decline in hospital inpatient days and growth in ambulatory services.

2. All primary care is ambulatory, but not all ambulatory services represent primary care. Discuss.

3. As hospital evolved from rudimentary custodial and quarantine facilities to their current state, how their purpose did and function changes.

3. Conclusion

Briefly summarize your thoughts & conclusion to your critique of the case study and provide a possible outcome for the Health Care Center. How did these articles and Chapters influence your opinions about Health Care and new reform act?

Evaluation will be based on how clearly you respond to the above, in particular:

a) The clarity with which you critique the case study;

b) The depth, scope, and organization of your paper; and,

c) Your conclusions, including a description of the impact of these Case study on any Health Care Setting, and inpatient facilities.

Text Book: Delivering Health Care in America- A System Approach by Leiyu Shi and Douglas A. Singh, 5th Edition.

Format your assignment according to the following formatting requirements:

1. The answer should be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides.

2. The response also includes a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student's name, the course title, and the date. The cover page is not included in the required page length.

3. Also include a reference page. The Citations and references should follow APA format. The reference page is not included in the required page length.

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