It is the procedure by which environmental health is regulated. It does not include managing the environment itself; however it is the procedure of taking steps and behaviors to have a positive impact on the environment. Environmental management includes the wise use of and resources and activity to have an impact on the world. Several organizations develop a management system or plan to implement, maintain and manage environmental targets. Management plans for the environment are prepared by several companies and organizations, as taking care of the planet is the responsibility of everybody in every kind of profession.
The developments of strategies to assign and conserve resources, along with the ultimate goal of regulating have impact of human activities on the surrounding environment. Usually “Environment” here means the natural surroundings, living and inanimate both, of human lives and activities. Though it can also mean the artificial landscape of cities, or sporadically even the conceptual field of the no sphere, the realm of communicating human minds.
Environmental management is a combination of policy, science and socioeconomic applications. It targets on the solution of the practical troubles that humans encounter in cohabitation along with nature, exploitation of resources, and production of waste. In a purely anthropocentric sense, the central difficulty is how to allow technology to evolve continuously whereas limiting the degree to which this procedure alters natural ecosystems. Thus Environmental management is intertwined intimately with questions regarding economic growth, equitable distribution of consumable goods, & conserving resources for future generations. Environmental managers fall in a broad spectrum, from those who would restricts human interference in nature to those who would enhance it to guide natural procedure along benign paths. Participants in the procedure of environmental management fall into seven main groups:
(1) Governmental organizations at the, regional, local ,national, and international levels, by including world bodies like the United Nations Environment Program and the U.N. Conference on Development and Environment;
(2) Research institutions, like academies, universities and national laboratories;
(3) Bodies charged with the enforcement of regulations, like the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency;
(4) Businesses of all of the sizes and multinational corporations;
(5) International financial institutions, like the World Bank and International Monetary Fund;
(6) Environmental non-governmental organizations, like the World Wildlife Fund for Nature; and
(7) Representatives of the users of the environment, by including fishermen, tribes and hunters. The agents of environmental management include, soil conservationists, foresters policy-makers, engineers, and resource planners.
Some of the common themes of environmental management are multilateral and bilateral environmental treaties; design & use of decision-support systems; environmental policy, enactment, formulation and policing of compliance; analysis, estimation and management of environmental risk; management of tourism and recreation; natural resource conservation and evaluation; promotion of positive environmental values by debate, education and information dissemination; positive environmental economics; and strategies for the rehabilitation of damaged environments.
The requirement to improve management of the environment has given rise to various new techniques. There is environmental impact analysis, which was primary formulated in California and is codified in the U.S. National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Through the environmental impact statement, it set down the investigatory and remedial measures that ought to be taken to mitigate the adverse effects of new development. It is intended to proceed in favor of prudent conservation and participatory democracy both. Another technique is environmental auditing that uses the model of the financial audit to analysis the procedure and outcomes of environmental impacts. It needs value judgments, usually which are set by public preference, ideology, and policy, to define what are regarded as acceptable outcomes. Audits use techniques like life-cycle analysis and environmental burden analysis to evaluate the impact of, for instance, manufacturing procedure that consume resources and create waste.
Goal of Environmental management:
Make sure that development proceeds without compromising our environment. In order to accomplish this goal each of the several program areas issue permits and conduct routine inspections for compliance with both the county adopted minimum standards and ordinances for environmental protection. Through intergovernmental agency agreements, Environmental Management also represents and assists along with enforcement of chosen state and federal regulations.
Another facet of environmental defense is clean up and pollution prevention. Suitable program staff investigates citizen complaints & violations. Emergency situations such like dangerous substance spills, fish kills, petroleum tank leaks, air pollution episodes, etc., are reported to Environmental Management for action and assessment.
Environmental Management System:
EMS (Environmental management system) refers to the management of an organization’s environmental programs in a systematic, comprehensive, planned and documented manner. It involved the organizational structure, planning & resources for implementing, developing and maintaining policy for environmental protection.
Key features of EMS:
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