Art Criticism

Art Criticism:

While most people think of 'criticism," they think instantly of the word and its negative connotations. To criticize is to "find fault with," in according to one definition in the Webster's Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. However, the other definition is "to assume the merits & demerits of and judge accordingly: to evaluate." The second clarification of criticism is where from the activity art criticism is derived. To assess an artwork (be it a movie, a painting, a play or a photograph) is to analyzes both the form and the function of the piece closely and find out if the artwork accomplishes what the artist set to do.

Art criticism, the analysis & evaluation of works of art. Subtly, art criticism is frequently tied to theory; it is interpretive, involving the attempt to understand a specific work of art from a theoretical perspective and to establish its importance in the history of art.

Defining Art Criticism:

  • Art criticism is responding to, interpreting meaning, and making critical judgments regarding specific works of art.
  • Art critic’s help viewers interpret, perceive, and judge artworks.
  • Critics tend to targeted more on modern and contemporary art from cultures close to their own.
  • Art historians tend to study works created in cultures that are more distant in time & space.
  • While initially introduced to art criticism, several people associate negative connotations along with the word "criticism."
  • Usually Art critics criticize art in the context of aesthetics or the theory of beauty. One of criticism's aims is the pursuit of a rational basis for art appreciation.

The critic is “minimally needed to be a connoisseur,” that means he ought to have a “sound knowledge” of the history of art, though “the step through connoisseur to critic refers the progression from knowledge to judgment.” The critic should take judgments as the art dealt with is generally new & unfamiliar unless the critic is attempting to reevaluate an old art with a fresh understanding of it and therefore of cultural value and uncertain aesthetic. The critic is frequently faced through a choice: to defend old standards, values, & hierarchies against new ones or to protect the new against the old.

The variety of artistic movements has resulted in a division of art criticism into distinct disciplines, each using greatly different criteria for their judgments. In the field of criticism the most common division is amongst evaluation & historical criticism, a form of art history, and contemporary criticism of work by living artists.

A professional art critic can be a newspaper reporter assigned towards the art beat, a scholar writing for texts and professional journals, or an artist writing regarding other artists.

Journalistic criticism might be Written on the behalf of the general public, includes reviews of art exhibitions in museums and galleries.

Scholarly art criticism can be written for a more specialized art audience and appears in art journals, Scholar-critics can be university professors or college or museum curators, frequently with particular knowledge regarding a style, medium, period or artist.

Steps of art criticism:

The procedure of art criticism involves four actions. They are:, analysis, description interpretation and Judgment.

1. Description: "What do I see?"

  • What is the size?
  • What medium did you use?
  • How much space did the several elements employ in the painting?
  • Name everything you observe in the painting.
  • Explain the techniques used.

2. Analysis: How are the work organized/composition?

  • Use the fundamental elements and principles (click me) of art theory as it applies to painting or generating your composition.
  • Describes the shapes/proportion and correctness of them (organic, geometric, abstract, etc.), in addition to, the perspectives used.
  • How & where was negative/positive spaces used in the composition? Remember the type ratio of the spaces used. (For instance: negative space approximate 40% - 50% and positive space approximate 50% - 60%)
  • Why did you (the artist), select the values/tones/colors with the composition/design?
  • How do the /tones/colors/ values affect you while you sit back & observe?

3. Interpretation: what is happening?

  • What is the artist trying to communicate?
  • Is this from observation , experience or both?

4. Judgement: "Overall, what do you think of the work?"

  • How effectual are these mechanism? Did you do it well?
  • lastly, use one or more of the principles, elements (proportion, value, perspective etc.) and techniques of art to protect your assessment.

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